Bunches of References Accumulated In a Nutshell (a.k.a - BRAIN)
The official Cultural Reference Guide for the animated series:
Pinky and the Brain
Version 2.0
Release date March-23-1999
Edited and Compiled by Brian Norman (acmelabs@access1.net).
I believe it was sometime in late 1994, when I first happened upon a document
named the Cultural Reference Guide to Animaniacs, more popularly known as the
GRGA, compiled by Will B. Bell.  I was a huge fan of Animaniacs, but as I read
the CRGA, I began to realize that I had been missing many jokes which had
previously gone 'over my head', because I was unaware of the references that
had been made.  Watching the episodes again after having read the CRGA gave the
series a whole new level of humor, and I began to appreciate the show even

Which brings me to the present day, and to this document.  Pinky and the Brain,
a spin-off series from Animaniacs, contains just as many, if not more,
references to present day culture. Movies, celebrities, politicians -- all are
a target of the brilliant wit of those responsible for creating each episode of
Pinky and the Brain.  As I was so impressed with the efforts of Will Bell, and
what his CRGA has done for me, and millions of other fans such as myself, I
have decided to continue the tradition by creating and maintaining this
Cultural Reference Guide to Pinky and the Brain.  I hope you will enjoy it.

Many of the references within this guide are taken from the newsgroup
alt.tv.animaniacs.  If you wish for your comments to be anonymized, or excluded
from this guide, please notify me via e-mail.

Please forgive references which you may see as "too obvious".  Remember, this
is a show which is seen in many different countries, and by many different age
groups.  So, those references which may be obvious to you may not necessarily
be obvious to all.  Also, those references which are obvious today, may not be
obvious to future generations.

On a final additional note, if you would like to find out more information on a
particular reference featured in this guide, you will want to check out Mark
Elbrecht's companion guide to the BRAIN, known as P.I.N.K.Y.  (Packaged
Informational Nuggets with Knowledgable Yakking).  The PINKY expands on this
document by providing hypertext links to web sites containing further
information on the references found here and can be found at:

NOTE:  The basic format of this document follows that of Will B. Bell's
       Cultural Reference Guide to Animaniacs (CRGA).  I have simplified the
       symbols used by eliminating the verified/unverified symbols.  I do not
       have the time to verify every reference myself, so I am relying on an
       honor system of sorts.  If it is discovered that a person is submitting
       false references purposely, I will not accept further references from
       that person.  See the rules for submission to the BRAIN for further
       details on submission policy.
  + == A true reference, verified by myself or based on convincing arguments.
  - == Random observations, DYN's, and other thoughts which may not be actual
       cultural references -- but I liked them and I put them in.
  DYN == "Did you notice?"  Points out brief appearances that might be missed
         or overlooked at first glance.
  NIT == Nit-picking.  Pointing out small inconsistencies or inaccuracies in
         a scene.  Always a favorite around a.t.a.
  * == Preceding a line indicates material found in the Cultural Reference
       Guide for Animaniacs (CRGA) (C) 1993, 1994 by Will B. Bell and is
       reprinted with his permission.
Reference contributions are noted with initials following the reference.
For a complete list of contributors, see the final section of the reference
guide (Appendix B).
Thanks to all for your help!

And now... the let the references begin!


  +  Notes found on the Brain's blackboard during the title sequence:
     .  The Theory of Everything Made simple:  This is the Brain's version of
        the Grand Unification Theory, the "holy grail" of physics.  It explains
        absolutely EVERYTHING about the universe, and Brain has solved it while
        no human has yet come close!  (Skel)
     .  BH-91210: A reference (with incorrect zip code) to the Aaron Spelling
        produced show, "Beverly Hills, 90210".  (Skel)
     .  THX-1138:  Brain's solution to the formula is actually the title of a
        George Lucas student film from his days at UCLA.  The title has made
        it's way, in one form or another, into almost every film he's ever
        done, as well as other Lucasfilm projects (THX Soundsystems, for
        example).  It has also shown up often on Animaniacs, Tiny Toons, and
        Pinky and the Brain before.  Best guess is that it's part homage to
        Lucas's contribution to entertainment this half of the century, and
        part reference to (Exec. Producer) Steven Speilberg and Lucas' long
        standing, close friendship.  (Skel)
  +  Many have noticed the hidden words in the title song.  Here is the list of
     exactly what appears (besides the lyrics) in the order which they appear,
     with some comments in parenthesis:  (BN)
     .  PLH  (Producer's initials - Peter Livingston Hastings, who incidentally
              is the one responsible for putting the flying lyrics and hidden
              messages into the title song.)
     .  enasni  (Why, that's "insane" in a mirror!  NARF!)
     .  Don't tell Brain I hid this secret message. Ha Ha Narf!
     .  Poit!
     .  I know about your silly secret message. Pinky.
     .  ZORT
  +  According to Rob Paulsen, Pinky's accent is British with a speech
     impediment.  The way he explained it was that, when he first saw a drawing
     of Pinky, he thought those huge front teeth would cause a speech
     impediment.  Then he decided that that would offend too many people who
     really did have speech impediments, so, being a Monty Python fan, he
     cranked in a British accent...and the result is the voice we know and
     ...er... love.  (JM)
* +  The Brain's voice is supposed to be a parody of Orson Welles's voice
*    cf. "War of the Worlds".  As well, the facial features of The Brain
*    and the older Welles are pretty similar, too.  (AS, MF)
  +  According to a radio interview with Maurice LaMarche: He said that when
     he saw the early model sheets of the Brain, he immediately thought of
     Orson Welles, and did a straight Welles imitation for the voice.  It was
     decided later that that voice was a little too flat, so Moe added a touch
     of Vincent Price and a dab of Peter Lorre to come up with the voice we
     hear now.  
* +  The genesis of "NARF"  was that TTA director & storyboard artist Eddie
*    Fitzgerald *did* and does say that particular thing...though personally
*    I always heard it as "neff!".  Further, "Pinky" started out as a
*    mouse-caricature of Mr. Fitzgerald, though through various redesigns
*    it's morphed a bit afield from him.  (AS)
  -  It's a slight possibility that "NARF" may be based on the imperative form
     of the German verb "to annoy".  Used in the imperative the verb becomes
     "nerv", such as,  "Do I annoy you?" == "Nerv ich dich?".  The 'e' in
     "nerv" is pronounced like the 'e' in when.  Which may explain why Eddie
     Fitzgerald sounded like he was saying "neff".  (TorK, BN)
  +  The Brain was also modeled after a WBA employee, writer and producer Tom
     Minton.  (BN)
  +  According to Peter Hastings, in the original drawings, both Pinky and
     the Brain wore lab coats, and Pinky wore glasses.  (BN)
Episode: 1

"Das Mouse" --
  +  The title refers to "Das Boot" a 1981 German film about a German U-Boat.  
     The captain might be the same captain that Jack refers to when he takes
     out the nautilus.  (BC)
  +  This particular episode is a spoof of the technothriller genre, 
     specifically "The Hunt For Red October" (book & movie - 1990), and "Raise
     The Titanic!" (also book & movie - 1980).  "Jack Maguire" is a loose
     composite of Jack Ryan, from tHfRO, and Dirk Pitt, from RtT.  Brain's plan
     for raising the Titanic is roughly identical to the one used in RtT.  In
     addition, the Titanic which Brain finds resembles the depiction of the
     Titanic in RtT -- the book/film version was intact save for a lost second
     funnel.  (JW, BEC)
  +  It was also the same technique that was used in the 1961 movie "Mysterious
     Island", to raise a sunken pirate ship so everyone could escape the island
     before it blew up.  There was a sub in that one too - The Nautilus!
     Which was coincidentally the name of the 'attack path' P&tB were running.
  +  The Titanic, for those who don't know, was an ocean liner that sank on
     April 15, 1912 after striking an iceberg.  1500 died due to inadequate
     lifeboats.  (BEC)
  -  Brain is looking for crabs, and he may find them.  The Titanic has become
     an oasis for life on the ocean bottom, with many fish, sponges, worms and
     crabs calling the wreak home.  (BEC)
  +  Poi is Polynesian staple made of mashed taro root, NOT a dessert.  After
     tasting it, it would be very hard to mistake it for a dessert.  (RY)
  +  Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) is an actual facility located
     in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.  Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst., in tandem
     with the French university INFREMER, discovered the wreck of the Titanic
     in 1985.  (BN, BEC)
  -  Both WHOI and NARF are valid radio callsigns for US-registered ships,
     though NARF would normally be assigned only to a US Navy ship.  (JM)
  +  Woods Hole is also home to the Alvin submersible and Jason Jr. robotic
     probe seen in this episode, which are actual vehicles used by Bob Ballard
     in a 1986 exploration of the Titanic.  (KP)
  +  Alvin is really one of half dozen or so subs that are capable of diving to
     the Titanic's depth.  NIT: Alvin must be brought into place by a support
     ship, as it only has about 12 hours of battery power.  (BEC)
  +  Jason Jr. was designed to be a tethered remote for Alvin, and was used
     during the second Woods Hole Titanic expedition in 1986, but has since
     been retired.  Minor nit, the real JJ is blue.  (BEC)
  -  NIT: The radar transponder about the Alvin has two knobs to set the code
     in the scene where Pinky scrambles it, and three when they come back from
     the first commercial break.  (JM)
  +  Pinky's asking if he can be Queequeg is a reference to the Polynesian
     harpooner in Herman Melville's 1851 novel "Moby Dick".  (JS, GJB)
  +  Sub Club == The Club, a popular anti-theft device found on many
     automobile steering wheels.  (BN)
  -  The reference to the sub being able to make only right turns could be a
     nod to J. Edgar Hoover's alleged superstition about all things sinistral.
     He was purported to have believed that left turns were bad luck, and his
     chauffeurs would often travel incredibly circuitous routes to reach places
     that could have been traveled in minutes using left turns.  (ALS)
  +  Pinky quotes a line from Baywatch.  Baywatch is a popular syndicated
     program whose plot centers around showing as many beautiful female and
     male lifeguards running around the beach in skimpy swimsuits as possible
     in one hour.  (BN)
  +  The book Brain was reading:  Jackie Collyns' OXNARD.  Check out any
     bookstore for the cultural ref. on this Jackie Collins novel.  (RJR)
  +  "Oxnard" is a real community in Ventura County, California.  I imagine
     that some of the WB staff probably lives in the area, since it's about
     45 minutes from Burbank.  (BEC)
  +  Brain mentions "The Stud," a 1978 movie starring Joan Collins
     (Jackie's sister) which was just as trashy as the Jackie Collins novel
     which it was based upon. (AV)
  -  DYN: The phrases on the soft-drink machine: "CloakaCola machine" and
     "Taste the dagger".  (ME)
  +  DYN: Jack's line "Hold on to your Newton, desk jockey".  The Newton is a
     popular P.D.A. made by Apple Computer Inc..  The Newton is basically a
     hand-held communications device with several functions, and was most
     notable during its debut in June 1993 for its ability to translate
     handwriting into typewritten text.  (ME, DCat, BN)
  +  Cheez-Whiz is a processed cheese product in a can.  (ME)
  +  Jacques Cousteau, who died late June 1997,  was the oceanographer whose
     television series "The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau" and other works
     (including co-inventing the equipment we now know as "SCUBA" gear for the
     military) made him famous, and at the same time showed the wonders to be 
     found under the sea.  (ME, chance)
  +  "Davy Jones' locker" is a mariner's term for the bottom of the sea, also
     used as a maritime colloquialism for the final resting place of deceased
     mariners.  (ME, chance)
  +  Davy Jones did sing co-lead for the Monkees along with Mickey Dolenz.
     Sidenote: David Bowie's real name is David Jones; he changed it to Bowie
     to avoid confusion.  (BC)
  +  When Jason Jr. goes past the bow of the ship, it is very reminiscent of
     the cover of Dr. Robert Ballards (WHOI expedition leader) book "Discovery
     of the Titanic" which shows a painting of JJ next to Titanic's bow.  (BEC)
  +  The large, curved stairway that is shown briefly as the airbag is filling
     was Titanic's First Class Entrance.  The real stairwell is gone, destroyed
     after the sinking.  (BEC)
  +  Brain's "Rise and be free" sequence is a reference to a famous scene from
     the 1993 movie "Free Willy".  (BN)
  +  While Brain was raising it, the Titanic breaks in two; when in fact, she
     broke in two major portions while sinking, in about the place indicated,
     with the two portions being about 1/2 mile apart.  (This is similar to a
     "cartoon character knocks over Leaning Tower of Pisa" joke you sometimes
     see.)  (JW, BEC)
  -  NIT - The Titanic in the cartoon had a big gash on the front of the ship,
     but it was on the wrong side!  (JW)
  -  NIT 2 - When Brain first shows Pinky a picture of the Titanic on the
     computer, it has just three funnels, the Titanic had four.  Also, when
     they get to the actual ship, the funnels are still intact, they were
     ripped off and/or imploded when it sank.  (KP)
  -  Ah, but if you look closely, you'll see a gap where the fourth funnel
     would go.  If I recall correctly, this is how the Titanic was depicted in
     "Raise The Titanic!".  (Besides, she *really* only had 3 funnels; the
     fourth was a dummy, added solely for appearances.)  (JW)
Episode: 2

"Of Mouse and Man" --
  +  The title refers to the title of John Steinbeck's 1937 novel "Of Mice and
     Man" about two farm workers who desire a small farm of their own.  (See
     also -- CRGA entry for "Of Nice and Man").  (BN)
  -  "There must be a way to get this money without running for Congress."
     The original airing of this episode had "working for Eisner" (after Walt
     Disney chairman and chief executive Michael Eisner) in place of "running
     for Congress".  All subsequent airings were changed for unknown reasons.
  +  Gerald Ford pardon refers to the 38th President of the United States'
     controversial pardon of resigned President Richard Nixon for all federal
     crimes he might have committed in office [referring to the Watergate
     incident].  (BN)
  -  "We're looking for someone who has no life.": Has to do with the fact that
     some employers assume that if you are not married with children that you
     can (and will) devote all your time and effort to your job, being more
     productive, and increasing revenues.  They look on family as something
     that will distract you.  They also don't have to provide benefits to your
     family members, which also costs money.  It's not legal to ask questions
     about marital status during an interview.  (HB)
  +  Gallagher is a comedian who at the height of his popularity (late 1970's)
     would appear on variety shows (The Muppet Show comes to mind).
     One of the parts of his act was smashing fruit, usually watermelons,
     with a sledgehammer.  The audience would come with plastic sheeting or
     rain gear in order to shield themselves. (BC)
  +  "American Gladiators" is a game-show style television program in which
     contestants put themselves through various physical events against the
     program's own 'gladiators'.  (BN)
  -  The cubicles in the office are patterned after the WBA cubicles (seen
     previously in TTA's "Toons Take Over") right down to the coloring.  (BC)
  -  When the crowd looks into Brain after his "accident", the man in the 
     upper right hand corner is WBA director/writer Audu Paden!  (BC)
  +  The counselor for the insurance company was a parody of actor Christopher
     Walken.  (RKM)
  +  The judge is Judge Lance Ito, the judge of the now infamous O.J. Simpson
     criminal trial.  (BN)
  +  Court TV is a cable television which covers various court cases, and
     became extremely popular during the aforementioned O.J. Simpson trial.
  -  DYN - In the vending machine, Pinky is placed in front of "Ruegger Bars".
     (Named after Senior Producer Tom Ruegger)  Partially obscured to the left
     of them appears to be a candy bar called Spumco.  (Named after the people
     who made the first season of Ren & Stimpy.)  (BN, RO)
Episode: 3

"Tokyo Grows" --
  -  The title probably refers to Tokyo Rose, a Japanese propagandist during
     World War II.  She hosted a radio show that tried to demoralize Allied
     troops.  It was so poorly done, it had almost the opposite effect.
  +  There actually was never a Tokyo Rose.  The name was an invention of U.S.
     GI's serving in the Pacific.  The name was attributed to any female voice
     coming out of Tokyo.  No one knows where it came from, but it was in use
     by the end of 1942.  The young girl who is attributed to Tokyo Rose
     actually used a radio name of "Ann" or "Orphan Ann" (her real name
     escapes me), and she was one of many young women to do broadcasts from
     Tokyo.  She had the rather bad misfortune to be a U.S. citizen, and was
     convicted of being a traitor after the war, and stripped of her
     citizenship (she was a natural born American).  She was eventually
     pardoned by Gerald Ford.  (BEC)
  +  Iva Ikuko Toguri was the woman who, at age 27, broadcast as "Orphan Ann"
     on the Allied POW-produced ZERO HOUR program on Radio Tokyo.  (DND)
  -  NIT: Error right off the bat.  The graphic writes Tokyo incorrectly.
     Firstly, it would be best written in kanji.  Secondly, if it were to be
     spelled out, it should read what gets romanized as 'Toukyou'.  Instead,
     on the screen it is written 'Toukiyou'. The difference is a more subtle
     one than you might think.  The symbols are all correct, but the 'yo'
     symbol should be written smaller.  (RO)
  -  "Acmeshita Labs": It was probably based on Matsushita, which might be
     considered a real-life equivalent of Acme Corp.  Matsushita, under one
     brand or another, could probably match Acme gadget-for-gadget.  (BM)
  -  NIT:  The scientist going into Acmeshita Labs takes his shoes off before
     entering the lab, but as soon as the radio sounds that Gollyzilla is
     coming, his shoes magically appear inside the room which he is in and
     he puts them on to get out of the building.  (DW)
  +  Having all the trouble start with a miniaturization ray is apt.  In the
     1950's and 60's, Japan was best known as an exporter of (usually cheap)
     electronic gadgets that used transistors to make them smaller.  "Japanese
     transistor radio" was almost a redundancy.  (MB)
  -  DYN - The kanji on Pinky & the Brain's water bottle?  It isn't 'water',
     it's "sake", a Japanese liquor made from fermented rice.  (RO)
  +  The footage of Raymond Burr ("Yes, I see.") parodies the original
     Godzilla movie "Gojira" (released in 1954 in Japan) which when it was
     released in America in 1956 as "Godzilla, King of the Monsters,"
     contained spliced footage of Burr.  (BN)
  -  NIT: Slight continuity error.  `Sony' on a radio changes to `Fony' on
     another shot.  (RO)
  +  Either way, it's a reference to electronics manufacturer Sony Corporation
     which is headquartered in Tokyo.  (LR, BN)
  -  Most of the characters on the signs and buildings are correct hiragana
     and katakana characters, but the "words" are nonsensical.  However,
     there are a couple of funny exceptions.  Two signs when Brain is
     directing Pinky with the megaphone read "Oumi o taberu" which means eat
     a flea.  "Omi" again shows up on the fruit stand when "Brainodo" shows
     up.  Perhaps 'flea' == 'flee'?  (BC, RO)
  +  When the people flee from Pinkzilla, some of them are in baseball
     uniforms.  Baseball is enormously popular in Japan.  In fact, it's the
     only western sport to have a Japanese name: yakyuu.  One of the biggest
     baseball stars in Japan currently is nicknamed `Gojira' (Godzilla).  (RO)
  +  On Gollyzilla taking off his sandals before entering Tokyo:  One
     generally removes his or her shoes before entering the living area of a
     Japanese house.  (WN)
  +  Now for a Japan specific ref.  When Godzilla is chasing after Pinky &
     Brain, one of the stores is named "Sogo".  That is a name of an actual
     department store in Japan.  Minor nit: The department store is actually
     based in Yokohama. (Just outside of Yokohama St. on the JR and Toyoko
     lines)  (BC)

"That Smarts" --
  -  DYN: Brain's robotic suit was on one of the log pages.  (SP)
  +  Gremlins are imaginary creatures that are blamed for causing machines to
     fail.  (ME)
  +  Jerry Lewis and Dean Martin were a highly successful comedy duo of the
     1940's and 50's, having starred in several films together.  They split up
     in 1956, with Jerry Lewis moving on to direct and star in his own films.
     (ME, BN)
  -  NIT: The keypad on the machine when it is first shown has the numbers 1-13.
     Later in the episode, it only has 1-12.  (JR)
  -  DYN: The letters on the keys of Brain's machine read "PBWS".  This could
     possibly stand for "Pinky and the Brain, Warner Studios"  (BN)
  +  Jimmy Hoffa was the leader of the Teamsters Union who disappeared in 1975.
     It is believed that he was kidnapped and later murdered, but his body has
     never been found.  (ME, BN)
  +  If you look closely at Brain's romance novel you will notice the names
     Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas.  Both were writers, but the
     significance of pairing them together here is that Toklas was Stein's
     lover and companion; Stein's best-known book was 'The Autobiography of
     Alice B. Toklas'.  (RD)

"Brainstem" --
  +  The tune is "Camptown Races" by Stephen Foster.  (MB)
  +  Brain's comment at the end of the song refers to the old blooper on those
     Kermit Schaeffer "Pardon My Blooper" records which had the old time
     children's radio host "Uncle Don" blurting out (when he thought the mic
     was off), "That ought to hold the little b*stards!"  (RF)
Episode: 4

"Pinky & The Fog" --
  -  NIT: Unfortunately, the episode is set a little too early in the
     thirties.  Quoting from "TUNE IN YESTERDAY" by John Dunning: "The Shadow
     made its radio debut in August 1939 on the CBS Detective Story program."
     However at that time, the Shadow was just the host of a mystery
     anthology.  (RN)
  -  DYN: The radio station where "The Mist" is being produced is WRLD,
     making Brain just one letter away from taking over the world  (MN)
  -  NIT: In elevators like the one where the Brain gets flattened, the
     handle that moves back and forth controls the up and down movement of the
     elevator, not the opening and closing of the doors.  Also, there were no
     buttons in the 1930's elevators.  These types of elevators still exist in
     many older buildings in New York City.  (DTC)
  -  The music for The Mist was similar to the music for The Shadow.  The
     theme for the Shadow was an organ playing Camille Saint-Saens' Omphale's
     Spinning Wheel.  (RN)
  +  The first radio actor is a caricature of Mel Blanc and the actor who
     portrayed The Mist looked a bit like Orson Welles, although he looked
     like a later Orson Welles than the 1937 Welles.  (RN, DG)
  -  NIT: Orson Welles did not begin playing the Shadow until 1937.  (RN)

"Where No Mouse Has Gone Before" --
  +  The title of the segment refers, of course, to Star Trek's opening
     soliloquy -  "To boldly go where no man has gone before."  (SC)
  -  The entire plot is very reminiscent of an episode of the Twilight Zone
     entitled "Hocus, Pocus, and Frisby".  In which according to the Twilight
     Zone Episode Guide (http://www.twilight.com/twilight-zone.guide):
     "the town windbag so impresses a visiting group of aliens (who are
     masquerading as humans) with his tall tales that they attempt to take him
     back to their planet for study as a prime Earth specimen".  (SC)
  +  The opening shot of Brain floating up to the light is straight out of
     the beginning space sequence from the 1968 film "2001: A Space Odyssey"
     complete with the Blue Danube Waltz.  (BC)
  +  "One day we will live in a world where a mouse rules, and it's the
     humans who are forced into these humiliating diversions."  "You mean
     Orlando?"  This is a reference to Disney World in Orlando, Florida.
     Mickey Mouse is the mouse who rules, and the rides are the 'humiliating
     diversions'.  (Rizz)
  -  NIT: The seats Pinky and the Brain sit in on the centrifuge are mounted
     in the wrong direction to generate the effect they show.  The acceleration
     they would experience with seats mounted facing perpendicular to the arm
     would be towards the outside of the circle, yet they are shown as though
     they are being accelerated in the direction they are facing.  The
     centrifuges NASA used on astronauts have the seats mounted to face back
     along the arm; this would produce the effect we see.  (JM)
  +  The altered paintings are "The Mona Lisa" by Leonardo Da Vinci, "The Blue
     Boy" by Thomas Gainsborough, a Warhol print featuring Mickey Mouse
     (I forget the name), and of course the immortal dogs playing poker.
     (BC, BN)
  +  The opera portion parodies Richard Wagner's "Die Walkure", also known as
     "Ride of the Valkyries."  (BN)
  +  Brain's rock 'n' roll bit is Little Richard, complete with his pompadour,
     but he performs it closer to Pat Boone.  The song BTW, is "Tutti
     Fruitti"  (BC)
  +  There's quite a bit of Tchaikovsky in this episode -- When Pinky asks the
     Brain about including ballet in the messages he is sending to the aliens,
     a bit of Tchaikovsky's "THE NUTCRACKER" plays in the background.  Then
     when Pinky talks about the Japenese weeping at "GISELLE" a bit of
     Tchaikovsky's "SWAN LAKE" plays in the background.  Both "SWAN LAKE" and
     "THE NUTCRACKER" are ballets written by Tchaikovsky.  However the ballet
     to which Pinky refers - "Giselle" - was written by Adolphe-Charles Adam.
     Perhaps they didn't use music from this ballet because it isn't as well
     known as the Tchaikovsky ballets.  (RN)
  +  Verner Von Brain = Wernher Von Braun, a German scientist who came to
     America and had a civic center in Huntsville, AL named after him.  He
     was also heavily involved in the early space program and is famous as
     the developer of the liquid-fuel rocket.  (JH, BN)
  +  Colonel Klink was a German character from the old "Hogan's Heroes" TV
     show.  (JH)
  +  When Pinky makes his remark about practicing, the background music is
     what is known as Kreutzer exercises, famous for tormenting hapless
     violin students.  I believe their purpose is to practice fingering.
  +  This strain will be readily recognized by anyone familiar with Jack
     Benny, as it was with this sequence that he habitually tortured his
     violin teacher.  (DG)
  +  The "Philbin Space Probe" is a reference to daytime talk show host Regis
     Philbin of "Live with Regis and Kathie Lee".  Regis seems to be a popular
     target of the Pinky and the Brain writers.  (BN)
  -  Fronobulax was the planet that the giant poodle in the Frank Zappa song
     "Cheapnis" was from.  (MAM)
  -  The ending was very similar to the ending of another Twilight Zone episode
     entitled "People Are The Same All Over."  In which Roddy McDowall and some
     others take off from Earth and land on an alien planet, where they are put
     in a zoo.  (RN)

"Cheese Roll Call" --
  +  The music is the first two-thirds or so of "Semper Fidelis", which Sousa
     wrote in 1888 while he was music director of the US Marine Corps Band at
     the suggestion of President Chester A. Arthur.  Arthur had asked Sousa
     what he thought of "Hail To the Chief", and suggested he write something
     else when Sousa replied that he didn't think a lot of it.  "Semper
     Fidelis" was one of two compositions Sousa produced in response; the
     other was "Presidential Polonaise".  "Semper Fidelis" was subsequently
     adopted as the official march of the USMC.  (JM)
Episode: 5

"Brainania" --
  +  "Fatty Lumpkin" was the name of Tom Bombadil's pony in J.R. Tolkien's
     novel "Fellowship of the Ring".  (JeffD)
  -  The ending of this episode seemed rather unusual.  There's a setup that
     ends up being ignored.  Brain gives the satchel to Pinky, warning him:
     "It's leather, so don't get it wet."  It gets wet at the end, but there's
     no comment about the consequences.  Instead, the cheque is perfectly fine,
     but Brain tears it up after Pinky makes a paper crane out of it.  Why was
     this setup ignored?  Only the writers would know for sure...  (RO)
Episode: 6

"TV or not TV" --
  +  The title of the episode is from the famous soliloquy from Shakespeare's
     "Hamlet".  ("To be or not to be...")  (BN)
  +  The episode opens with Brain ripping the smile from a magazine photo
     of supermodel Cindy Crawford - note the distinctive mole.  (BN)
  +  The bit about "Clutch Cargo" and "what do they call a Quarter Pounder
     in France" are both references to the 1995 film "Pulp Fiction", which
     starred John Travolta (pictured in the cutout that Pinky is holding.)
     (JM, JJW)
  +  "Clutch Cargo" was a 1950's low-budget cartoon where the lip movements
     were provided by real human mouths, superimposed on the drawings
     through something called "Synchro Vox".  With the end result looking
     similar to what Pinky was doing with the John Travolta picture.  (ME)
  +  Pinky's favorite show, "Mr. Belvedere" played on ABC in the mid-1980's.
     It stared Bob Uecker, and was about a English butler that stayed with a
     rather crass family in Pittsburgh.  (It was based on a rather funny
     character played by Clifton Webb in several '40s movies.)  (BC, JJW)
  +  Pinky and the Brain on the motorcycle is a takeoff on the 1969 film "Easy
     Rider".  The background music even sounded like a variation on "Born to
     Be Wild".  (RD)
  -  Brain's alias Jamal Spelling is probably a reference to television
     producer Aaron Spelling (Beverly Hills 90210, Melrose Place, The
     Love Boat).  (BN)
  -  Pinky's alias, Jonathan Michael Charles, is most likely a reference to
     teen idol Jonathan Taylor Thomas.  Note the three first names in both
     names.  (Jackie)
  +  Jerry Kilmer == Jamie Kellner, head of The WB Television Network.  (BN)
  +  Note the Yawni poster behind the secretary's desk.  Yanni is a "new
     age" composer and musician.  (BN, BC)
  -  Is it just me, or does Kilmer's receptionist look like a young Gloria
     Steinem (founder of *Ms.*)?  The symbol for "woman" on her computer,
     long a feminist icon as well, adds to my suspicion.  Of course, for all
     I know, it could just be a caricature of Kellner's real-life receptionist.
  +  The show idea that Pinky and the Brain give to Mr. Kilmer sounds
     exactly like a description of the NBC sitcom "Friends" (although the
     monkey is no longer a part of the show).  Ironically, "Friends" is
     produced by Warner Bros.  (BN, DW)
  -  Everyone was complaining that all the new sitcoms introduced the season
     in which this episode aired were clones of "Friends".  (RN)
  -  A minor nit - The way to get a sitcom is not to get on the cover of
     "People" Magazine.  It's true that people with brilliant ideas are
     turned down, but it's usually because they don't have a track record of
     working on staff on other shows.  You start out as a writer, then you
     get a staff position, then you get to create your own shows.  It's not
     usually the performers who pitch, except for some writer/performers,
     such as Jerry Seinfeld, Paul Reiser, Roseanne, etc.  (RN)
  +  "Peeple" == "People," a weekly magazine that has featured a cover story
     on Princess Diana an inordinate number of times (over 40 to date), hence
     Brain's plan "B" on how to get on the cover of the magazine.  (Jackie)
  +  In The Brain's book on comedy you see Henny Youngman's famous line:
     "Take my wife - please!"  (BC)
  +  The man with the monocle who introduces Brain at the comedy club is Bud
     Freidman, owner of the Improv chain of comedy clubs.  (RD, RG)
  +  "Did you ever notice..." is a lead-in line inextricably associated with
     Jerry Seinfeld.  (JJW)
  +  Star Hunt == Star Search, hosted by Ed McMahon who is caricatured here,
     is a program on which amateur singers, comedians, and otherwise
     talented people compete to win prizes.  I believe several now famous
     celebrities were "discovered" from their Star Search appearances.
  +  "G!" == "E!", a cable television station about the entertainment industry.
  +  "Howie Tern" == Howard Stern, a radio talk show host who has his own
     show on "E!"  (Jackie)
  +  Brain makes an appearance on "Late Night with David Letterman." The two
     men, Dave and Paul, are references to David Letterman and Paul Shaffer.
  +  Paul's "Yamahamer" keyboard: possibly a combination of Yamaha and Jan
     Hammer, the synthesizer artist who did the "Miami Vice" theme.  (BC)
  +  We certainly do hope Bob Saget gets trampled by a bear.  As the star
     of "Full House" and "America's Funniest Home Videos" he has helped to
     rot many millions of minds.  (JJW)
  +  There's also a mention of Richard Dean Anderson being shot out of a
     pasta maker.  Richard Dean Anderson is famous for his role of MacGyver
     on the television show of the same name, he is also featured in the
     StarGate television series.  (DW)
  -  DYN: Also on the cover of "Peeple [sic] Magazine": "Pauly Shore,
     enough already!"  Pauly Shore is an highly untalented actor who starred in
     such bombs as "Encino Man", "Son-in-Law" and "Bio-Dome".  (JJW, JK)
  +  The "show about nothing" description given by Pinky is one commonly
     attributed to NBC's hit sitcom "Seinfeld".  (RD, BN)
Episode: 7

"Napoleon Brainaparte" --
  -  DYN: One of the student chefs was seen before in the incomprehensible
     foreign film that Dr. Scrachansniff took his date to see in the 
     Animaniacs short "Drive-Insane".  (Episode #53)  (WY)
  +  The glass pyramid in front of the Louvre was built in 1989 by architect
     I.M. Pei, amid some controversy.  (JM, BN)
  +  London Bridge is in fact located in America.  Lake Havasu City, Arizona
     to be specific.  (JM)
  +  "...we are the world!" "Are we the children?": refers to the 1985 song
     "We Are the World", written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie which
     was performed by over 40 pop musicians, with all profits going to help
     fight world hunger.  (BN)
  +  On the use of Marlon Brando for Napoleon in this episode.  Brando
     actually played Napoleon in the 1954 Twentieth Century Fox film entitled
     "Desiree"  (Desiree was the name of one of Napoleon's mistresses).  (RN)
  +  The Napoleonic Code was the set of laws developed after the French
     Revolution as a protest against the diversity of laws governing France
     before the revolution.  It was a combination of the Germanic law of
     northern France and the Roman law of southern and eastern France.  Noted
     for its clearness and simplicity, the Napoleonic Code remains as the basis
     of law for many areas today, including the state law of Louisiana in the
     United States.  (BN)
  +  There is also a reference to Brando's performance in the 1951 film
     "Streetcar Named Desire" when Napoleon/Brando screams "Josephine"
     (as Brando screamed "Stella" in "Streetcar").  (HMH)
Episode: 8

"Snowball" --
  +  The Piggly Wiggly is a funnily-named supermarket chain.  (LR)
  -  DYN: The child's drink bottles contain Alar and DDT (pesticides),
     Canal No. 5 (a reference to Chanel No. 5 perfume), and Snipple
     (refers to Snapple soft drinks).  (JM)
  +  "A mouse and a hamster barely alive...they said they could make us
     better...faster...smarter." refers to the opening of "The Six Million
     Dollar Man".  (JM)
  +  The cast of the NBC drama "ER" can be seen operating on Brain and Snowball.
  +  "Wink Martindale day, except in Arizona" is a jab at that state's
     reluctance to adopt a Martin Luther King holiday.  (JM)
  +  Wink Martindale, by the way, is by far the cheesiest game show host
     ever, hosting such classics as "Tic Tac Dough" and "Joker's Wild".
  -  DYN: Books in the lab: Quantum Hydraulics from Paden Press (director
     Audu Paden), something from Rm Publishers (producer Rusty Mills),
     something ending in -tics, and Hasting's (sic) Theorems (producer Peter
     Hastings).  (JM, BN)
  +  Microsponge == Microsoft, a Seattle based computer company which many
     people feel is trying to take over the world.  Bill Grates == Bill Gates,
     the founder and CEO of Microsoft.  He is also one of the wealthiest people
     in the world.  (BN)
  -  "Snowball for Windows": May be a reference to the SNOBOL programming
     language, which was developed at Bell Telephone Labs in 1962.(*)
     I don't know if it's still in use anywhere, but proposing a Windows
     version of it is just the sort of thing Pinky would do.
     {* From the forward of "The SNOBOL4 Programming Language," R.E.Griswold,
     J.F.Poage, I.P.Polonsky, copyright Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc.
     1971, 1968.  13-815373-6  Library of Congress Catalog Card Number:
     70-131996}   (MH)
  +  The scene where the camera starts on the "No Trespassing" sign, and
     pans up a mountain to a lonely mansion with a single lit window, then
     fades to an extreme close-up on Pinky's face as he says "Brain..." and
     drops the snow globe is a direct pull from the opening scene of the 1941
     film classic "Citizen Kane".  (Kane says "Rosebud...", of course.)  (SC)
  +  In order to fully appreciate and understand the final scene with the
     sudden cut from Mt. Rushmore to Acme Labs you had to have seen the 1959
     film "North By Northwest".  Near the end of the film, Eva Marie Saint is
     trying (with great difficulty) to pull Cary Grant up from his precarious
     hanging position on the face of Mount Rushmore.  As he's pulled up,
     there's a *really confusing* jump-cut to him pulling her up onto the
     train; in the space of that 1/24th of a second, she's pulled him up,
     they've gotten *married*, and one can only assume that all evil has been
     resolved and all goodness has been rewarded, and they're going to live
     happily ever after.  Same here.  (SC)
  -  DYN: Acme Labs is located in New York City according to this episode.  The
     envelope Brain receives at the end with the stamp money is addressed to
     Mr. Brain, Acme Labs, NY NY 10005.  (By the way, to be even more specific,
     this zip code is around the Wall Street area of New York City.)  (BN)
Episode: 9

"A Pinky and the Brain Christmas" --
  +  The airplane is a Cessna 182 on skis, more or less; it's normally a
     tricycle gear aircraft and this one's a taildragger, but taildragger
     conversions for the 182 do exist, and are primarily used in places like
     Alaska.  (JM)
  -  The effects of opening an airplane's door in flight are pretty accurately
     portrayed as well: everything gets sucked out in a hurry.  (JM)
  +  "...although I consider myself a Jungian." refers to the two great schools
     of psychology, the other being Freudian.  Karl Jung was one of Freud's
     early disciples, who later broke with him.  (JM, RN)
  +  "...joining the Donner party" refers to an ill-fated expedition to
     California in the mid 1800s.  87 people were snowbound in a mountain pass
     and they ending up resorting to cannibalism.  47 people eventually made it
     out alive with the assistance of rescue parties.  The pass is now named
     after them.  (True story: One of the survivors opened a restaurant.)
     (JM, Ary, BN, SC)
  -  DYN: The security alarm played the first line of "Jingle Bells"?  (JH)
  -  The Noodle Noggin toy reminded me of something out of "Nightmare Before
     Christmas".  (JH)
  +  Pinky's comment about wanting to be a dentist: the Rankin/Bass production
     of "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer", featured an elf that befriended
     Rudolph; the elf was an outcast because he wanted to be a dentist.  (SC)
  +  On the wall in Santa's office is a portrait of the Abominable Snowman from
     "Rudolph, the Red Nosed Reindeer".  (BM)
  -  DYN: When Pinky is impersonating a reindeer, the antler he is wearing
     looks a lot like the one Max wore in the Grinch's Christmas.  (RD)
  +  The scene in the toy factory is from the 1992 Robin Williams movie "Toys".
  -  Herschel the Hannukah Goblin is a real character from a book whose title I
     don't know.  (LBL)
  -  NIT: When the mice shatter The Brain's broadcasting machine on their
     landing to Acme Labs through the roof, the colors on the box/lever Pinky
     was supposed to push ("when it turns red...") are reversed from what they
     are in the next scene. (i.e., the red area is to the left and the
     green-yellow area's on the right.)  (HG)
  -  DYN: In the White House Christmas scene, Socks the Clinton's cat has a
     Newt Gingrich scratching post.  The joke being that Clinton is a Democrat
     and Gingrich is a Republican, and they haven't exactly gotten along well
     together.  (HG)
Episode: 10

"Around the World In Eighty Narfs" --
  +  This episode is based largely on the 1956 movie "Around the World in 80
     Days" which in turn is based on the Jules Verne book of the same title.
  +  The year in which this episode supposedly takes place (1872) is the year
     in which the Jules Verne book was first published.  (BN)
  +  The person that posed the challenge is based upon David Niven's character
     in the film: Phileas Fogg.  (BC, FB)
  +  Benjamin Disraeli *did* become the PM of England in the late 19th century
     (1868 & 1874-1880).  (BC)
  +  Sir Sidney = Sidney Greenstreet, with his "by gad, sir" catchphrase from
     "The Maltese Falcon" (1941).  (JJW)
  +  Pinky and the Brain begin their journey in a hot-air balloon, just as
     Niven and Cantinflas did in the movie. The music for this sequence parodies
     Victor Young's famous "Around the World" theme for the film.  (JJW)
  +  The music played during the Western chase sequence is a parody of Elmer
     Bernstein's theme music from the movie "The Magnificent Seven".  (JJW)
  +  "Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show" was the most famous of the traveling
     Western-themed circuses that basically acted out Cowboys-and-Indians
     stories for a paying audience, thus paving the way for innumerable
     Hollywood versions of the same legends.  (JJW)
Episode: 11

"Fly" --
  +  The Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum is located in Washington,
     D.C.  (BN)
  -  NIT: Brain mentions that all of the "Ziggy" jet fighters were sold to
     Iceland in 1958.  Yet when we see the European scientists flying the
     "Ziggy", it has a Norwegian flag on the side of it, not an Icelandic flag.
     The difference is minor, both flags look similar, but the colors are
     reversed.  (i.e. the red area of the Norwegian flag is blue on the
     Icelandic flag.)  (BN)
  -  The nerdy guy in mission control with the accent resembles the scientist
     from India, Ben (played by Fisher Stevens) from the "Short Circut" movies
     (1986, 1988).  (AJC)
Episode: 12

"Ambulatory Abe" --
  +  Freakazoid! is another WB animated series, and is in fact set in
     Washington, D.C. as Pinky points out.  (BN)
  +  Edgar Bergen was a famous ventriloquist, who created several dummies, of
     which Charlie McCarthy was probably his most famous.
     (See Episode 23 - "Brinky" for further information.)  (BN)
  -  Actually, it is NOT true that no one today knows what Abraham Lincoln's
     speaking voice sounded like.  Although there are no recordings (of course)
     there are contemporary descriptions.  According to several descriptions
     from people who heard his voice, it was rather high pitched -- nothing at
     all like Tony Danza's voice.  (RN)
  +  The little boy having his grandfather read the Lincoln Memorial
     inscription is a direct cinematic reference to Frank Capra's "Mr. Smith
     Goes to Washington"  (1939), and was so listed in the published script.
  -  NIT - The inscription behind the Lincoln statue reads: "In this temple,
     as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the Union, the memory
     of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever."  It is not, as the child reads,
     the Gettysburg Address.  The Gettysburg Address is found in the south
     chamber of the memorial.  (BN)
  -  What the heck is that black thing peeking out in the lower right hand
     corner when the tourist asks the statue who his vice president was?
     Is it Yakko after playing in a coal mine?  (RO)
  +  Tony Danza is an actor most famous for his roles in the late 1970-80
     sitcoms "Taxi" and "Who's the Boss?".  (BN)
  -  What is it with race cars in these cartoons that they have to look like
     1971 Indycars?  (RO)
  +  Brain's comment, while hosting the Academy Awards, about one-armed
     push-ups,  refers to the feat performed by Jack Palance at the 1991
     Academy Awards ceremony.  (BN)
  +  The character introducing the 135-year old man is a caricature of Today
     show weatherman Willard Scott, noted for giving on-air birthday wishes
     to those over 100 years old.  (BN)
  +  Louis Armstrong, nicknamed Satchmo, is considered to be one of the most
     influential figures in jazz history as a trumpet player and vocalist.  
     His voice is famous for being gravely.  (BN, RO)

"Mouse of La Mancha" --
  +  The title is based upon the 1966 Broadway musical "Man of La Mancha", 
     which was based on the Miguel de Cervantes novel "The History of Don
     Quixote de la Mancha" or better known as simply "Don Quixote".  (BN)
  -  NIT - The punning doorman mentions that "It must be winter, the knights
     (nights) are getting shorter".  But, in the winter, the nights get
     longer, not shorter.  (BN)
  +  "Why would Sophia Loren do a musical?" refers to her role as Aldonza in
     the 1972 film version of "Man of La Mancha", which was a box office
     failure.  (BN)
  +  The punning gatekeeper tells Brain "don't work blue".  "Blue" was a
     term derived from the blue lighting that was used in certain female
     dance acts.  It definitely goes back a ways -- perhaps well back into
     the 19th century.  So the shows became known as "blue shows" and of
     course as always the term took on a life of its own, and when motion
     pictures came around, it was adapted for "blue movies" and so on, and
     then got bent around to being used just to describe naughty language,
     rather than actual naughty acts.  In this case, the phrase means don't
     use dirty words and sexual or scatological humor in your standup routine.
     (RD, RO)
  +  The phrase "don't work blue" was what Milton Berle says to Lenny Bruce
     in the 1974 film "Lenny".  (GJB)
  +  The scenes shown during the final song are scenes from the following
     episodes (NOTE - The animation is not the same as in the original
     sequences):  (RO, BC)
     .  A set of plans from `Where Rodents Dare'.
     .  The plans for pretending to be Jimmy Hoffa from `That Smarts'.
     .  Running into the time machine from `When Mice Ruled the Earth'.
     .  Leaving the lab in his mechanical suit from `Win Big'.
     .  Pinky running on the globe from `Jockey For Position'.
     .  Infiltrating the summit from `Where Rodents Dare'.
     .  Changing into a monster from `Brain Meets Brawn'.
     .  Confronting the guard from `Where No Mouse Has Gone Before'.
     .  Climbing the mountain from `Where Rodents Dare'.
     .  Getting tomatoed from `Meet John Brain'.
     .  Sitting on his throne from `Where No Mouse Has Gone Before'.
     .  Writing on a piece of paper with a makeshift crossbow behind him,
        from 'Win Big'.
  +  "What are we going to do tomorrow night, Brain? Brigadoon?": BRIGADOON
     is a 1947 musical by Lerner & Loewe. Apparently Pinky has developed a
     taste for classic Broadway.  (JJW)
Episode: 13

"The Third Mouse" --
  +  The title and various plot elements (including the zither music) are
     taken from the 1949 film "The Third Man".  (BN)
  +  It should also be noted that, aside from the plot, many of the characters
     are also brought over from the original movie, including the British army
     officer and his sidekick, the two slightly sinister ci-devant aristocrats,
     the elderly Vienna native who is done in, the Mysterious Woman, Pinky's
     riff on Joe Cotten's role, and, naturally, Moe LaMarche having great fun
     as Harry Lime/Orson Welles.  Note the fact that, like the original, the
     cartoon was rendered in black and white.  (The credits sequence is also
     very well done and a faithful spoof of the original.)  (EOC)
  +  Rueggerstrasse - named after Senior Producer Tom Ruegger.  (BN)
  -  The hotel clerk's speech, where he tries to explain that Herr Brain is
     dead, may refer to the Monty Python "Dead Parrot" sketch, which contains
     a similar string of synonyms for "dead."  (JJW)
  -  When Trudy asked Pinky "Why?  What do you know?", he said "the lyrics to
     Yakko's World", a reference to Rob Paulsen (voice of Pinky) also voicing
     Yakko on Animaniacs.  (JO)
  +  Note the wacky camera angle when the Major says "will you come with me,
     please?" just before the end of act 1. In "The Third Man", director
     Carol Reed set up many shots where he tilted the camera to increase the
     sinister atmosphere.  (JJW)
  -  Pinky's girlfriend Phar FigNewton seen again in photograph.
     (See "Jockey for Position")  (BN)
  +  The waving Dot is of course Dot Warner from Animaniacs.
  +  Brain's speech about Switzerland and Italy parodies Welles' famous speech
     from the film, where he points out that Italy, with centuries of murder
     and bloodshed, produced great Renaissance art, while Switzerland, with
     centuries of brotherly love, produced only the cuckoo clock.  (JJW)
  +  "Heidi" is the classic children's story by Johanna Spryi. The story has
     been adapted several times for movies and television.  (ME)

"The Visit" --
  +  Young kids (kindergartners, etc...) are given 'time-outs' as punishment.  
     Basically they have to sit in a corner for a pre-set amount of time.  (DN)
  +  Strictly speaking, a time-out is not a punishment.  It's meant as a
     recognition that kids sometimes get excited and do things in the heat
     of the moment that they wouldn't do on calm reflection, and provides
     time for that to happen without allowing the situation to escalate
     meanwhile.  To say "Do you want a time-out?" in the tone used by
     Brain's dad is a distortion of the concept.  (BHar)
  -  Another distortion of concept is found in the line "Don't make me
     separate you."  A term usually used on two (or more) bickering siblings
     which sounds like an overly painful punishment when directed towards a
     single person.  (BN)
  -  The "time-out" gag seems to be popular at WB; it was also used in "The
     Island of Dr. Mystico" in Freakazoid!  (EOC)
  +  Al Gore is the 45th vice president of the United States  (BN)
  -  Great opportunity missed: Brain should of referred to his mother as
     Desiree.  (From "Pavlov's Mice")  (BC)
  +  Broderick Crawford, referred to by Brain's Dad, was an actor noted for
     playing gangsters and villainous cowboys in several B films, and an
     Oscar winning performance in the 1949 film "All the King's Men".  (BN)
  +  Wolfgang Puck owns many restaurants but most notably the hip-and-trendy
     Spago in Los Angeles.  (ME)
  +  The courier service used to ship Brain's folks to Florida, "Fed Up" is
     of course a parody of "Fed Ex," the popular nickname for Federal Express,
     a leading courier service.  (EOC)
Episode: 14

"It's Only a Paper World" --
  +  The milk ad slogan that Pinky can't seem to remember is "Got Milk?", from
     a popular series of advertisements of the late 1990's sponsored by
     America's Dairy Farmers.  (BN)
  -  Rob Paulsen (Pinky) actually did a voice over in one of the "Got Milk?"
     commercials.  He was the voice of the radio announcer in the "Who shot
     Alexander Hamilton?" commercial.  (KL)
  +  Seen on the blackboard of Acme Labs:
     .  CHAKA -- this was the mark of a tagger who scrawled the said word in
          some 18,000+ various places in Southern California between the years
          of 1991-94.  (KL)
     .  KISS RULES -- KISS is the rock band whose painted faces helped them
          rise to fame in the mid 1970s.  (ME)
  +  Happy Bob the Painter (the painter on the television Pinky is imitating)
     is a parody of the late Bob Ross and his "Joy of Painting" program.  He
     frequently used the words "happy little" in his descriptions of things in
     nature as he painted.  (ME)
  +  Paul Anka is a singer and songwriter who had several big hits during the
     late 1950s and early '60s. He wrote "My Way", one of Frank Sinatra's
     biggest hits, and the Johnny Carson-era theme for "The Tonight Show".
  +  Carrot Top is the red-haired comedian who relies heavily on props for his
     laughs.  (ME)
  +  Jaime "Klinger" Farr, played the role of Klinger on the 1972-83 television
     series M*A*S*H.  (BN)
  +  The woman on the television creating various crafts is a parody of famous
     'how-to' woman Martha Stewart and her television program "Martha Stewart
     Living".  (BN)
  +  Art Buchwald is a writer who won a lawsuit against Paramout Pictures for
     plagarizing his idea for the movie "Coming To America" which he had
     submitted to them.  (ME)
  +  "Two, two, two earths in one," is a reference to the slogan for Certs
     breath mints -- "Two, two, two mints in one."  (BN)
  +  "The Wayans Brothers" is (what passes for) a sitcom on the WB Network.
  +  Regis Philbin is the co-host of "Live With Regis and Kathie Lee", a
     successful morning show in the U.S.  (ME)
  -  DYN - One scene shows one paper quite clearly, as the "Cleve[land] Plain
     Dealer" (the 'land' is not in there as its currently being ripped up). Of
     course, the Cleveland Plain Dealer *is* a real paper (the only paper for
     the Cleveland area actually). The first word, "Browns" can be clearly
     read, but I can't make out the rest.  This easily appears to be a ref to
     the recent move of the football team to Baltimore from Cleveland.  (MN)
  -  The briefest snatch of the Animaniacs short "Variety Speak" when Pinky is
     putting strips of the paper back together, as that newspaper was one which
     appeared in "Variety Speak".  (DG, RO)
  +  Pinky thinks that a fresco is a can of carbonated soda.  He is probably
     confusing it with "Fresca".  (BN)
  +  Pinky's sphinx looks surprisingly like Jim Davis' Garfield character.  (BN)
  +  Brain's comment, "You are a fist full of stupidity!" is a reference to
     the 1964 movie "Fist Full of Dollars".  (ME)
  +  "Our basketball players more Mike like!" is a reference to basketball
     superstar Michael Jordan of the Chicago Bulls and a 1990's series of ads
     for the sports drink Gatorade which encouraged us to drink their product
     to "Be Like Mike".  (ME, BN)
  +  The name "Chia Earth" is borrowed from "Chia Pets" (and various other
     derivatives such as "Chia Head"), animal-shaped clay objects on which you
     grow chia (a grass-like substance).  The chia seeds sprout and grow.  (ME)
  +  The "Trademark, Brain?  -- Yes, Pinky, trademark" gag was used on the 
     Pinky and the Brain "You Will Buy This Video" video.  (DG)
  +  "Dollywood" is a theme park in mountains of east Tennessee owned by
     country-western singer/songwriter/actress Dolly Parton.  (ME, BN)
  -  There is a character in the stock exchange scene that looks exactly like
     Wakko's barber from the Animaniacs short "Boot Camping" (who incidentally
     is a caricature of Floyd Lawson -- see CRGA for further reference)  (BN)
  +  The "fists of fury" comment is taken from the 1971 Bruce Lee movie known
     in the U.S.A as "Fists of Fury" but known to the rest of the world as "The
     Big Boss".  (ME)
  +  Late night talk show host David Letterman is depicted doing his famous top
     ten list.  (ME)
  +  President Bill Clinton and Newt Gingrich, the Speaker of the U.S. House of
     Representatives are playing with boxing nuns.  (ME)
  +  Quentin Tarantino is the writer/director who became famous as the man who
     directed the movie "Pulp Fiction".  (ME)
  +  Notice in the White House a "Presidenting for Dummies" book.  This is a
     parody of the famous "For Dummies" series from IDG books, which began with
     a series of computer titles, but has since branched out into other topics.
  +  Amy Carter is the daughter of former President Jimmy Carter.  (ME)
  +  Xuxa is a Brazilian children's show host who had a show on the Family
     Channel, she is also well known world wide for her children's records.
     (JK, ME)
  +  Pinky sings a tune from a commercial for "King Vitamin", a classic cereal
     (which apparently is still in production) from Quaker Oats. This
     particular commercial jingle aired sometime in the 1950-60's.  (ME, BN)
  +  The sequence with the world monuments exploding parodies a similar scene
     from the 1996 film "Independence Day".  (BN)
  -  DYN - Dvorak's Symphony No. 9 (From the New World), 1st and 2nd movements,
     was used extensively in this episode.  Nice musical selection considering
     Pinky and the Brain were creating a "New World".  (BT)
  -  Why did Pinky use his 'alternate' sayings "fjord" and "troz"?  A subtle
     reference to the alternate earth?  (DG)
Episode: 15

"Collect 'Em All" --
  +  Johann Gutenberg is credited with producing the first work using movable
     type in 1455, in Mainz, Germany -- the first item was the so-called
     "42-line Bible."  Actually, it's probable that his financial backer,
     Johann Fust, and another printer, Peter Schoeffer, probably did most of
     the work.  (EOC)
  +  Police Academy 4 was the last Police Academy film in which Steve
     Guttenberg played the role of Mahoney.  (JK)
  -  "Girlie calendars I printed for the blacksmith shops" is probably a 
     reference to those calendars featuring female models in skimpy clothes
     holding tools, posing with automobiles, or both.  (ME)

"Pinkasso" --
  +  Brain's attempt to start a "Donutism" movement isn't as farfetched as
     people might think.  Contemporary American painter Wayne Thiebaud made a
     name for himself in the Pop Art era with paintings of cakes, pies,
     hot dogs, and similar iconographic American foodstuffs.  His work is
     still sought after today.  (ALS)
  +  "Two noses up" parodies movie critics Siskel and Ebert's famous way of
     making movie recommendations, two thumbs up.  (ME)
  +  Lenny and Squiggy were characters from the TV shows "Happy Days" and
     "Laverne and Shirley".  (JK)
  +  "15 minutes of fame" is the compact version of Andy Warhol's famous saying:
     "In the future, everyone will be world-famous for 15 minutes."  (ME)
  +  The Macarena was a popular, but short-lived dance craze of 1996.  (JK)
  -  DYN - Dot Warner admiring one of "Pinkasso's" paintings.  (RB)
  -  Wakko and Yakko were there too, though Yakko is visible only for a
     fraction of a second before a foreground extra obscures him.  (RO)
  -  DYN - when the Brain was claiming to be Robert Del Monte, he was holding
     a pen in his right hand?  Bob Dole is known for holding a pen in his
     right hand because of a war wound, he carries the pen so that people will
     not extend their right hands to shake his. The pen serves as a reminder
     to people that the hand is occupied.  (RN, RKM)
  -  Not to mention the fact that "Del Monte" cans fruit, just as "Dole" does.
  +  The background music for the scenes in the art gallery comes from
     "Pictures At An Exhibition" by Mussorgsky.  (BKH)
  -  About the machines that mass produce thousands of Pinkasso "originals":
     painter Salvador Dali has long fought rumors that many of his works have
     been "ghosted" by uncredited assistants.  ("Master" painters in earlier
     centuries often used assistants, but the practice isn't as widely accepted
     in the modern era.)  (ALS)
  +  One of the bidders holds up a card which reads 839: this refers to the
     Motion Picture Screen Cartoonists union, local 839 that represents
     cartoonists in the Los Angeles area.  (ME)
Episode: 16

"Plan Brain from Outer Space" --
  +  The title is, of course, a reference to the infamous Ed Wood sci-fi flick
     "Plan Nine from Outer Space" (1959).  It, along with "Heaven's Gate," is
     a virtual synonym for bad movie making.  (EOC)
  +  The Z Files == The X Files, a popular Fox show about two FBI agents who
     investigate cases involving supernatural incidents.  (JK)
  +  Xuxa is mentioned again (see Epsiode #14)
  +  Lard Copy == Hard Copy, a news show that goes beyond the headlines to get 
     the news.  (JK)
  +  Roswell is a city in New Mexico that is believed to be home of one of the
     most popular alien cover-ups of all time.  (JK)
  +  Area 51 is the place that is rumored to hold the aliens of the Roswell 
     incident.  It is also, as the "ufologists" claim, where aliens routinely
     land and/or where the government test-flies craft built with alien
     technology.  (JK, RO)
  +  The guard at Area 51 is a caricature of Gomer Pyle.  (JK)
  +  "Hangar 18" was a 1980 movie about government folks capturing and
     concealing an alien craft.  (RO)
  +  Conflicting reports about the 'non-movie' Hangar 18, so I'll list both:
     .  After the Roswell incident, there was another, less publicized crash
        (supposedly) in Nevada.  What with Area 51 being so close by, the AAF,
        according to ufologists, scooped up the bodies and the ship, and put
        them in Hangar 18 of the base.  (JFL)
     .  Hangar 18 is at Wright-Patterson A.F.B. in Dayton, Ohio and is where
        the remains of the aliens were/are(?) stored.  (ME)
  +  Generals Jones and Maltese == Looney Tunes director Chuck Jones and his
     favorite writer, Michael Maltese.  (RB)
  +  A nod to the legend that Walt Disney is cryogenically frozen (he actually
     went the other route; he was cremated).  I wonder what the "68" stands
     for; can't be the year he died, since that was 1966.  Perhaps it's the
     year of, ahem, "acquisition."  (EOC)
  +  The song the major alien sang while looking for Brain parodies the classic
     jingle of Oscar Myer bologna.  (JK)
  +  "I'm Not the President, I'm Also a Client" is the famous catch phrase of 
     the Hair Club for Men.  (JK)
  -  Other Hangar 18 occupants include:
     .  Bigfoot
     .  Elvis - Famous American rock-and-roll singer, died August 16, 1977.
          However, many believed him to have faked his death, and that he
          still lives on today.  (See numerous K-Mart sightings of Elvis in
          your local tabloids.)  (BN)
     .  Jimmy Hoffa - Former leader of the Teamsters Union, rumored to have
          been associated with organized crime.  He disappeared in 1975 and is
          believed to have been kidnapped and murdered.  (Some rumors exist
          that the burial site is in the end-zone of Giants' stadium in New
          Jersey.)  (BN)
     .  Gov't Cheese
     .  Ark of the Covenant - probably in reference to the 1981 film "Raiders
          of the Lost Ark", where the last seen shows a lowly mover stowing the
          Ark away in a gigantic warehouse.  (MN)
  -  Interesting point: The comic PatB #6, with the same title as this episode,
     came out the week immediately after the first airing of this. This was
     unintentional, and purely coincidence on the part of WBA and WBWP,
     according to Robert Graff.  The comic story bears no resemblance to the
     story in this episode.  (MN)
Episode: 17

"The Mummy" --
  +  The plot of this episode is based on the work German researcher Rudolf
     Gantenbrink.  He headed a team that explored an air shaft 8 inches square
     in the Great Pyramid at Gizeh, using a remote controlled probe named
     UPUAUT.  On March 22, 1993, 210 feet into this air duct, a miniature stone
     door was found.  As of this writing, it is still unknown as to exactly
     what lies beyond that door.  (BN)
  +  It also appears that this short also in part parodies the 1959 horror film
     "The Mummy".  In the film archaeologists are warned against desecrating
     the tomb of Egyptian Princess Ananka.  The character who warns the
     archaeologists in this short resembles Peter Cushing who I believe played
     a similar role in the film.  (The voice credits list "Cushing" as one of
     the characters in the short.)  (BN)
  +  The Rolling Stones is a rock group that became famous in the 1960's.  (ME)
  -  NIT: In one scene, Egypt is spelled Egyt.  (ME)
  +  Space Mountain is roller coaster at the Disney theme parks which, like
     most roller coasters, have a height requirement.  (ME)
  +  "Early in the morn-ing" and the way it's sung are taken from the sea
     chantey "What Shall We Do With the Drunken Sailor". (EOC)
  -  DYN - Signs the protesters are carrying:  (ME)
     .  Mummies are people too!
     .  Meat is murder
     .  My mommy was a mummy
     .  I love Khufu!
     .  I'm KooKoo for Khufu
  +  The Olsen twins (Mary-Kate and Ashley) are known for their role as
     Michelle on the 1980's sitcom "Full House".  They have made several,
     less than impressive TV and made-for-video movies in which they solve
     mysteries.  (BN)
  -  DYN - Martin Sheen as one of the protesters.  (The one who apologizes to
     Pinky and the Brain for their treatment.)  Notice his button, Sheen has
     been arrested several times during anti-nuclear demonstrations.  (RN, BN)
  +  Marco Polo is a game played in pools or large hot tubs where a blindfolded
     individual has to try to listen for another player to respond to "Marco"
     with "Polo" and then attemp to tag or grab hold of the speaker. (RO)

"Robin Brain" --
  +  Kevin Costner with an English accent refers to "Robin Hood: Prince of
     Thieves", a 1991 film starring Kevin Costner as the title character.  (JK)
  +  The camera following the arrow flight is also borrowed from "Robin Hood:
     Prince of Thieves".  (EOC)
  +  Friar Chuck == Friar Tuck, one of Robin Hood's merry men.  (JK)
  +  The diamond log joke refers to the fact that many California highways and
     freeways have what is called a "Diamond Lane".  The left lane is marked
     with diamonds painted every so often in the lane.  This lane is reserved
     for cars with two or more passengers.  If you're caught driving solo in
     the Diamond Lane, you have to pay a large fine.  It's supposed to
     encourage car pooling.  Many metropolitan areas have similar lanes known
     as HOV (High Occupancy Vehicle) lanes.  (RM, RN, KW)
  -  NIT: The quarterstaff battle was between Robin Hood and Little John, not
     between Robin and the Friar (or Fryer, in this case).  (BN)
  +  The Mighty Mallards == The Mighty Ducks, a Disney-owned hockey team named
     after the 1992 sleeper hit.  (JK)
  +  Note Brain's use of Peter Finch's "mad as hell and I'm not going to take
     it anymore" speech from the movie "Network" (a role, as mad anchorman
     Howard Beale, for which he won a posthumous Oscar).  (EOC)
  +  There was also one subtle joke, in the exchange between Robin Hood and
     Brain; Robin Hood notes that Brain is smaller than he appears in his
     posters, and Brain makes a similar comment back to Robin Hood.  Errol
     Flynn, who played Robin Hood in the 1938 film version (and who seems to
     be the model for this version) was notoriously sensitive about his
     height, and relative lack thereof.  (EOC)
  -  DYN - that all of Pinky's usual sayings had been appended with 'th'..for
     example "Zortth" "Narfth", etc, to make them sound Old English-like.  (MN)
Episode: 18

"The Pink Candidate" --
  +  The opening shot of Dole and Kemp refers to Circus of the Stars, a event
     seen on CBS between Thanksgiving and Christmas which has celebrities
     perform circus acts.  (JK)
  +  The host of the circus, Anson "Stop Calling Me Pottsy" Williams, is
     probably best known for his role as Pottsy in the 1970's sitcom "Happy
     Days".  (BN)
  +  "The Family Circus" is a popular one panel comic strip written by Bil
     Keane about family life from the view of a child.  (JK)
  +  To further the Bil Keane reference:  When the newspaper reports that
     Keane has gone on vacation and "Billy" is filling in for him, it refers
     to the fact that on occasion, Keane will draw "The Family Circus" in a
     childish style and say it was drawn by Billy, the oldest child in the
     family, while Keane takes the day off.  (RD)
  +  The scene with the Meryl Streep caricature with her back to her boring
     husband, looking out into the garden at the Clint Eastwood character is
     a reference to the 1995 film "Bridges of Madison County"  (JJW)
  -  Missing on the back cover of Time magazine: B. CALDWELL ALIAS S.B. ELF.
     The reference here is to (Annie Award winning) storyboard artist Barry
     Caldwell.  According to lore, Barry Caldwell is often not to be found
     in the animation studio.  Nobody ever sees him, and when he's there, his
     door is closed....but, just when you think he's not doing anything,
     there, on his desk, are a bunch of story board ("S.B.") pages that he
     did sometime, somewhere, like a little elf in the night.
  -  NIT:  While the Green Party is certainly no force in U.S. politics, they
     are gaining power and influence in Europe, particularly Germany.  (RD)
  +  The other member of Pinky's party is James Carville; Carville is, of
     course, famed as Clinton's 1992 guru.  (RB)
  -  Here is the list of candidates in the polls when first announced in the
     episode:  (JK, RD)
     . Bill Clinton
     . Pinky
     . Pat Paulsen - first became famous with his appearances on the Smothers
         Brothers show, and ran for President several times, most recently
         1996.  He never expected to win, but running did give him publicity
         and the chance to joke and comment on the political scene.  He never
         expected to win, but running did give him publicity and the chance to
         joke and comment on the political scene.
     . The Trix Rabbit
     . Bob Dole
  +  "You just might be a redneck" is comedian Jeff Foxworthy's famous quote.
  +  Tiger Beet == Tiger Beat, a magazine for teenagers.  (JK)
  +  The boat with the bimbos reference is a reference to Gary Hart's little
     interlude on the good ship "Monkey Business" in 1984 in the Florida Keys
     with Donna Rice.  (EOC, BC)
  +  When Pinky is called "the Teflon candidate", it refers to Ronald Reagan
     being called "the Teflon President", which came from people observing that
     no charges of wrongdoing that occurred during his tenure as President
     stuck to him.  (RD)
  +  The mysterious operative for the smear campaign, and his initial speech,
     is based on the Robert Shaw character from "Jaws," the grizzled seaman who
     offers to go kill the shark.  As usual, Richard Stone is musically equal
     to the reference: the music playing in the background as he speaks is the
     song "Farewell and Adieu, You Fair Spanish Ladies," which Shaw sang
     incessantly throughout the shark opus.  (JJW)
  +  "Super-sizing", as President Clinton mentions, refers to a McDonald's deal
     where for 39 cents more, you can upgrade your drink and fries to a larger
     size.  (BN)
  +  The "Pinky Upsets Dewey" headline refers to the most famously inaccurate
     newspaper headline ever, from the 1948 presidential campaign, when one
     paper reported that Thomas Dewey had defeated Harry Truman.  Truman held
     up a copy of that paper proudly when it was announced that he had won the
     election.  (RD)
  +  The Jerky Boys are a comedy group known for their prank telephone calls.
  +  When Pinky asks his staff to pray with him, it refers to a similar request
     from Richard Nixon to (IIRC) Henry Kissinger near the end of Nixon's term
     as President.  In addition, the final scene, with Pinky and the Brain
     preparing to leave Washington via helicopter, refers to Nixon departing
     the White House grounds in similar fashion after his resignation.  (RD)
  -  NIT:  We never see who Pinky chose as his Vice President.  Since Pinky has
     studied the Constitution, he'd be well aware of his responsibilities along
     those lines.  (RD)
Episode: 19

"Brain's Song" --
  +  The episode itself is, in part, a parody of the award-winning 1970 TV
     movie "Brian's Song," about the relationship between Chicago Bears player
     Brian Piccolo (played by James Caan) and Gale Sayers (played by Billy Dee
     Willaims), and the tragedy which affects the entire team when Piccolo
     develops cancer.  The movie itself is a classic tearjerker, and hence
     lies the crux of the PatB plot.  (EOC)
  +  The treatment Pinky undergoes at the beginning of the episode is lifted
     from the 1971 film, "A Clockwork Orange".  (JK)
  +  The scenes Pinky saw were:  (JK)
     .  Evil Kenivel's jump, which takes off his failed jump attempt two
          decades ago.
     .  Lisa Marie Presley (daughter of Elvis) writing a letter to her
          ex-husband, Michael Jackson.
     .  P&B Biography, a spoof of A&E Biography, a show that talks about the
          lives of different people, with a new topic each week.
     .  A parody of Disney's 1994 animated feature "The Lion King".  Looks to
          be very similar to "The Tiger Prince" spoof from Animaniacs
          episode 74.
  +  G. Gordon Liddy became famous as being one of the Watergate burglars and
     is now a radio talk show host.  (ME)
  +  Jiffy Lube is a quick oil change business.  (ME)
  +  Meadowlark Lemon is best known as a former member of the Harlem
     Globetrotters basketball team.  (ME)
  +  Demi Moore rewriting Great Expectations is a parody of how the movie
     "The Scarlett Letter" was drastically changed from the book.  (ME)
  +  The Jamaican bobsled team of the 1988 Olympics made news because they
     were from a warm-weather country with no tradition of winter sports
     whatsoever.  A Disney movie, "Cool Runnings" was made about the team
     in 1993.  (EOC, BN)
  +  The 'playfield' that the mice use is an electronic football game that was
     immensely popular in the 1970s.  You'd turn it on, and the 'players'
     would be vibrated across the 'field'.  It was VERY noisy, and as
     demonstrated by Brain, it could easily give one the jitters.  (MN)
  -  Pinky as Coach Bear Bottom, is probably a parody of the late Bear Bryant,
     the Univ. of Alabama's great football coach.  (EOC)
  +  Toduh == Today (NBC's morning program), which as of this writing, is in
     its 41st year.  The gentleman on the left is ex-cohost Bryant Gumbel,
     and the person on the right is host Katie Couric.  (EOC)
  +  "Jellyroll" Morton was an important musician in jazz history.  (ME)
Episode: 20

"Welcome to the Jungle" --
  +  The thing at the end of Brain's student film refers to Mark VII
     Productions, the producers of Dragnet.  (JK)
  +  The "Simian Liberation Army" is based on those animal rights activist
     organizations that free laboratory animals so they won't be experimented
     on by scientists.  (ME)
  +  "Simian Liberation Army" is taken from "Symbionese Liberation Army",
     the terrorist group that kidnapped & brainwashed newspaper heiress
     Patty Hearst.  It's also a swipe at the Animal Liberation Front, a
     quasi-terrorist group that "liberates" laboratory animals.  (SFS)
  +  When one of the members of the "Simian Liberation Army" calls Brain
     "Bright Eyes", it is a reference to the name that Jane Goodall gave to
     her favorite chimp during her study of chimpanzee life.  (MaR)
  +  Hakuna Matata is Swahili quote that became a catch phrase in 1994 thanks
     to the Disney animated feature, "The Lion King".  (JK)
  +  Davey Crockett was a famous American frontiersman, politician, who died
     heroicly defending the Alamo.  Stories of his adventures have made him a
     legend.  (ME)
  +  The leech bit was from "THE AFRICAN QUEEN." (1951)  Humphrey Bogart has
     to get out of the boat and pull it, and when he gets back in, he is
     covered with leeches and he says that he hates them.  (RN)
  +  Ruth Bader Ginsberg is a justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.  (ME)
  +  Club Med is a world wide chain of vacation resorts.  (ME)
  +  The Snowball plot line takes off "Apocalypse Now", a 1979 film in which
     Martin Sheen is sent to Vietnam to find and kill a crazed colonel played
     by Marlon Brando, who has set up a ruthless dictatorship.  (JK, BN)
  +  The fanatic follower of Snowball who speaks to Pinky and the Brain when
     they are tied to the stake is a parody of Dennis Hopper, who played a
     neurotic photographer in "Apocalypse Now", and is noted for his movie
     roles in which he plays, "a manic-crazy psycho", as Pinky notes.  The
     same caricature seen here can be seen in the Animaniacs episode entitled
     "Hearts of Twilight".  (BN)
  +  $1.99, are you out of your mind? is a catch phrase for Denny's.  (JK)
  +  Greg Maddux is a multiple Cy Young award winning pitcher for Major League
     Baseball.  He's been with the Atlanta Braves since 1993.  (ME)
Episode: 21

"A Little Off the Top" --
  +  This short takes its text from the Bible, specifically the Book of Judges,
     Chapters 13 through 16, where the story of Samson, the original strong
     man, is told.  (EOC)
  +  It also, to a certain extent, is a spoof of the 1949 Cecil B. DeMille
     version of the story:
     .  Delilah - is a spoof of Hedy Lamarr.  Delilah's unintelligible
          German/English speech is a reference to the fact that Hedy had a
          noticeable German accent, though it wasn't anywhere near that bad.
     .  Samson  - is something of a spoof of Victor Mature.  (EOC)
     .  George Sanders is also caricatured as the leader of the Philistines;
          he did win an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor in "All About Eve" and
          his second wife was Zsa Zsa Gabor, and he was briefly married to
          Magda Gabor shortly before his suicide in 1972.  (EOC)
     .  The lion fighting scene is a specific parody of a well-known scene
          from the DeMille version.  (EOC)
  -  Unfortunately, the characters aren't drawn to look anything like the
     original actors. A real missed opportunity on the part of the character
     designers.  (JJW)

"Megalomaniacs Anonymous" --
  +  I assume it was Al Haig who was in the television ad for Megalomaniacs
     Anonymous.  Al Haig was the Secretary of State in 1981-82 under President
     Reagan and had to resign after a series of quarrels with senior members of
     the White House staff.  (RN, BN)
  +  The Al Haig gag with "I'm in Charge" refers to a specific statement he
     made at a press conference on the day Ronald Reagan was nearly
     assassinated by John Hinckley, in March of 1981.   Haig, some think, meant
     to indicate that he was the person in charge on the spot (since a number
     of others, such as then VP Bush and then Speaker O'Neill were out of
     town), but this was generally viewed as Haig being, well, a megalomaniac.
  +  "Ishtar" was 1987 film that starred Warren Beatty and Dustin Hoffman, and
     is most famous for being a flop in the box office.  (JK)
  +  Pinky's Playhouse is most likely a reference to "Pee-wee's Playhouse", a
     popular cult children's show of the 1980's starring Paul Reubens as
     Pee-wee Herman.  (JK)
  +  Others in attendance at the meeting include Col. Qadaffi, Madonna, Ross
     Perot, Joseph Stalin, Julius Ceasar, Steven Spielberg, Bill Gates, and
     what may be SKG co-owners Jeff Katzenberg and David Geffen.  (EOC, JJW)
  +  The comment by Madonna that she no longer "Vogue's" but does the "Family
     Circle", is a nice gag on magazine titles, dancing, and her recent
     childbirth.  (EOC)
Episode: 22

"Brain of the Future" --
  +  Esther Williams musicals, made during the 1940's and 1950's, featured
     her swimming ability.  Thus, soaking up all the water would definitely
     make another Esther Williams musical impossible to make.  (ME)
  +  Fernando Lamas was Esther Williams third husband.  (BN)
  +  Cosmos-politan magazine == Cosmopolitan magazine, a magazine known to
     give small quizzes that determine how well one's marriage/sex life/
     taste in clothes/etc. rates with their so-called experts, and which a
     number of readers take quite seriously.  (BN, MN)
  -  DYN - On the cover of Cosmos-politan, Hello Nurse in a Jetsonesque
     costume.  (MN, PCat)
  +  The conversation of the present and future mice is *very* similar to the
     one from the 1989 film "Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure".  (MN)
  +  "Knowing too much of one's future" is a common motif in time travel
     stories, most recently used in the "Back to the Future" series of films.
  -  NIT: The reporter announces that it's Clinton's 377th term in office.
     Assuming that terms were to remain 4 years in length, and that his terms
     were consecutive, that would give him 1508 years in office, beginning in
     1992.  That adds up to the year 3500, so January 12, 3502 AD would be
     his 378th term, not his 377th.  (BN)
  +  The Canadian Prime Minister's voice was an impression of the Rick Moranis
     character "Bob MacKenzie."  (RO)
  -  USA attacking Canada may be a reference to the film "Canadian Bacon", a
     1995 film about the US starting a war on Canada.  (JK)
  -  The Jimi Hendrix roach seems reminiscent of a character in Ralph Bakshi's
     "Cool World".  (PCat)
  +  The roach unveiling the Queen's statue is a parody of Ed Sullivan.  Ed
     Sullivan was the host of a long-running variety show on the Columbia
     Broadcasting System from the late 40s to the early 70s.  (It was called,
     at various times, "The Toast of the Town" and "The Ed Sullivan Show.")
     The show is probably best remembered for the historic appearances by Elvis
     Presley and the Beatles.  Sullivan's stiff manner and unique speech
     pattern long made him the target of parodists.  I am led to believe that
     Moe LaMarche has made a specialty of doing Sullivan (and the cockroach
     version is *very* well done, BTW).  (EOC)
  +  The Queen Roach is a parody of Zsa-Zsa Gabor.  (many)
  +  Pinky and the Brain's fruit disguises resemble the costumes of the
     characters appearing in commercials for Fruit of the Loom underwear.  (JK)
  -  BTW, 10 marks out of 10 for history, since 37 AD was in fact the year
     Caligula became Emperor of Rome.  (EOC)
  +  Tia and Tamara are the stars of Sister, Sister, a WB show about twin
     sisters.  (JK)
Episode: 23

"Brinky" --
  +  The exercise guru is Patrick Stewart, known for playing captain Jean-Luc
     Picard on "Star Trek: The Next Generation", the phrases he uses are 'catch
     phrases of Jean-Luc.  (JK, BC)
  +  Pauly Shore is an highly untalented actor who starred in such bombs as
     "Encino Man", "Son-in-Law" and "Bio-Dome".  (JK)
  -  DYN - The Superman logo on Brain's Band-Aid.  (JK)
  +  Brain's riff about "I'll make two clones..." is based on a famous
     mid-1980's commercial for Faberge Organics shampoo -- "I'll tell two
     friends, and they'll tell two friends and so on and so on and so on."
     The screen would multiply much like it did on the computer monitor behind
     Brain.  (BC)
  +  When the cloning machine starts to overheat, Brain calls out for Pinky's
     help. When Pinky finally responds, Brain calls out "Push! Push!" Pinky
     responds by breathing heavily. This is, of course, a reference to the
     Lamaze method of natural childbirth. Forshadowing, perhaps, for his
     upcoming Mommyhood?  (JWo)
  +  "You've got a male" == "You Got Mail", a sound played on America Online
     when an e-mail message is received.  (JK)
  +  Pinky's original choice of name for the baby seems a bit off-color, as
     Mandingo is a slang term for a well-endowed African, Latino, or Italian
  +  Michael Crichton is a highly successful author/screenwriter, probably best
     known currently for his novel-turned-blockbuster hit "Jurassic Park",
     about the cloning of dinosaurs using preserved DNA.  (BN)
  +  Odin is the chief of the gods in Norse mythology. He was usually pictured
     with a beard. Some types of cursing use characteristics of holy or well
     known people (ex. 'od's bodkins, By Neptune's pantry, etc.)  (BL)
  +  "Be afraid.  Be very afraid" was the catchphrase of the promo campaign
     for the 1986 Jeff Goldblum remake of "The Fly".  (RK)
  +  "Pat the Bunny" is an actual book.  It is designed as an interactive book
     for babies to play with.  It features a soft bunny (for babies to pat), a
     small mirror, and more.  (BN)
  +  Dr. Benjamin Spock is a famous child psychologist.  (ME)
  +  Brain's growth chart is similar to those signs at the entrance of certain
     theme park attractions that point a minimum height requirement.  (ME)
  +  Taraxacum officinale is the Latin name for dandelion.  (ME)
  +  "Jones" is slang for craving or desire.  (ME)
  +  Pinky's line involving the blacklist during the Charlie McCarthy hearings
     is a rather involved cultural reference:  (EOC)
     .  Charlie McCarthy, of course, was a character created by Edgar Bergen,
          and was probably his most famous dummy.  Charlie, who was famous for
          his "feud" with W.C. Fields on Bergen's Chase and Sanbourn radio
          programme in the late 30s, sported a monocle and usually (but not
          exclusively) wore evening dress.  Hence the linkup with ventriloquism.
     .  The other McCarthy being referred to is U.S. Senator Joe McCarthy
          (R-Wis.), first elected in 1946.  McCarthy, of course, has given his
          name to an era of what some call hysterical anti-communism.
          Certainly, McCarthy was a champion publicity hound, and made numerous
          wild accusations, among other things, about the number of communists
          in the State Department.  His performance in the so-called
          Army-McCarthy hearings in 1954 eventually led to his censure in 1954.
     .  The blacklist is something slightly different.  The House Un-American
          Activities Committee (HUAC for short) made a number of investigations
          into the influence of the Communist Party in Hollywood, and held a
          number of high-profile hearings on the matter in 1947, and another
          round in 1951, at which a number of Hollywood stars testified.  A
          number, however, refused to testify.  The refusal of this group
          (which eventually got the nickname "The Hollywood Ten") got them
          blacklisted by the major studios, and the group (mostly screenwriters,
          like Dalton Trumbo, Alvah Bessie and Ring Lardner, Jr., but also
          well-known director Edward Dmytryk, who eventually testified and was
          removed from the blacklist) could not find work under their own names.
          The actual blacklist was maintained by a self-appointed vigilante
          group called Aware, and was circulated by the American Legion.  While
          the blacklist died out in the late 50s, the aftershocks continue to
          this day; witness the views of some people regarding Elia Kazan, who
          testified and was viewed by some as a snitch.
  +  "Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf" is a play, later made into a movie,
     about two couples who constantly bicker in front of another couple.  (ME)
  +  "I have no clone" refers to the "I have no son" line "The Jazz Singer", a
     1927 film about a guy who ignores his father's wishes and becomes a singer
     instead of a priest.  (JK, E1)
  -  Places on Brain's list of places:  (ME)
     .  NYU - New York University
     .  library
     .  museum
     .  MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
     .  The Franklin Mint - maker of collectibles
     .  The Pat Harrington Dinner Theater - Pat Harrington is best known as
          Dwayne Schneider on One Day At A Time.
  +  Pete Rose holds baseball's record for career hits, but received a lifetime
     suspension from baseball in 1989 after allegations that he had bet on
     baseball games, including games played by his own team.  (BN)
  +  When Romie asks for a drink by saying, "Hey, Don McLean, the levee is
     dry," he is referring to McLean's 1972 hit song "American Pie".  A line
     from the chorus of that song is "drove my Chevy to the levee but the
     levee was dry".  (RD)
  -  Bar doesn't accept checks from:
     .  Flea Bailey - F. Lee Bailey, best known lately for being one of
          O.J. Simpson's attorneys during the Simpson criminal trial.  (ME)
     .  Saul Below - author Saul Bellow, much of his work features alienated
          individuals in an indifferent society.  In 1976, he won both the
          Pulitzer Prize in fiction and the Nobel Prize for literature.
          (Treesong, BN)
     .  Jo-Jo The Thirsty Boy
  +  Rikki Lake == Ricki Lake, one of many trashy talk shows on TV today.  (JK)
  +  Romy's "My two dads..." reference is another multi-level reference.  "My
     Two Dads" was a sitcom in the late 1980's with the premise of a girl
     living with two men, both her "dads".  Bob Saget and Dave Coulier were
     two stars of "Full House", a sitcom which involved three girls living
     with their father (Saget) and his two bachelor friends (Coulier and John
     Stamos).  (BC, BN)
  +  Guggenheim - The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, in New York City, is
     considered to have one of the finest collections of modern art.
     Incidentally, the museum was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.  (ME)
  +  Euripides is the ancient Greek author perhaps best known for his play
     Medea and its deus ex machina ending.  (ME)
  +  "When, in the course of human events" are the first few words of
     America's Declaration of Independence.  (ME)
  +  "Savannah" is a drama on the WB network produced by Aaron Spelling.  (JK)
  +  The Grateful Dead stopped touring in 1995 when the lead singer, Jerry
     Garcia, died in a drug rehabilitation center.  (ME)
  -  Another interesting point, re: Romy's voice.  What was clever about it
     was that when Romy was young and speaking more like Pinky, he was voiced
     by Maurice LaMarche (Brain), and when he was older and speaking more like
     Brain, he was voiced by Rob Paulsen (Pinky).  It emphasizes further how
     Romy is indeed a combination of Pinky's and the Brain's DNA.  (RO & many)
  -  Here's one for the perfect timing file.  The same weekend that this
     episode aired, cloning made national news when the first ever clone of a
     mammal, in this case a sheep, was completed successfully.  (BN)
Episode: 24

"Two Mice and a Baby" --
  +  Title refers to "3 Men and a Baby", a 1987 film in which three bachelors
     take custody of a orphan baby girl.  (JK)
  +  The plot of the episode spoofs the 'origin of Superman' story.  See the
     episode, "The Last Son of Krypton" on the WB animated series Superman for
     comparison.  (EOC)
  +  Salad Spinner == Salad Shooter, a kitchen utility that spits out what it
     slices.  (ME)
  -  DYN - One of the things Brain had for observing the stars was an
     Etch-a-Sketch.  (JK)
  +  G.I. Jack == G.I. Joe, a popular line of action figures.  (JK)
  +  The Singing Nun was a record from the early 1960's.  (EOC)
  +  The large, orange dinosaur on TV is Baloney, first seen in the Animaniacs
     short "Baloney and Kids", and is a parody of Barney, a large, purple
     dinosaur of a PBS educational series.  (BN)
  +  "The Flying Nun" was a late 1960's sitcom starring Sally Field as a young
     nun in a convent in Puerto Rico who could fly.  (ME)

"The Maze" --
  +  Brain's "a superior intellect is an appalling object to squander" is a
     clever rephrasing of NAACP slogan - "A mind is a terrible thing to waste."
  +  Branson, Missouri (USA) is famous for its concentration of country music
     attractions.  (ME)
  +  The Banana Splits was a Saturday morning show in the late 1960's about a
     band of animals. It was created by Hanna-Barbera with the costumes of the
     Banana Splits done by puppeteers, Sid and Marty Krofft.  (JK)
  +  Pinky's line "I *am* the King" was also used by Rob Paulsen as Yakko in
     Animaniacs episode #10 "King Yakko" -- here's the reference according to
     the CRGA:
*    "I *am* the King" parodies a series of commercials from the
*    mid-1980s.  The ads were shown in the LA area and featured Paul "the King
*    of Big-Screen", a television salesman.  The ads show him wearing a crown,
*    and the commercials always end with him saying, "I *am* the King." It is a
*    joke that I imagine only LA residents would pick up on.  (BH, RayD, BW)
  +  Dilithium is what powers the starships in Star Trek (except the ship in
     Star Trek : Voyager).  (ME)
  +  Vinny Barbarino was John Travolta's character in the TV show, "Welcome
     Back, Kotter".  (JK)
  +  The scene with the various twisted staircases resembles M.C. Escher's
     famous work, "House of Stairs".  (CN)
  -  DYN - "Steppenwolf" (band famous for "Born to be Wild") in the 8-track of
     Brain's contraption.  (BN)
Episode: 25

"Leave it to Beavers" --
  +  The title is a reference to the 1950-60's program "Leave it to Beaver"
     starring Jerry Mathis.  The similarity ends at the title though, as
     nothing else in the episode refers to "Leave it to Beaver".  (BN)
  -  NIT: Electrons are fired from a cathode-ray tube, not photons.
     Brain ought to have known this.  (CSa)
  +  Brain's comment: "I shall return," is the famous quote spoken by U.S.
     General Douglas MacArthur.  (BN)

"Cinebrainia" --
  +  The title is a reference to "Cinemania", a computer CD-ROM reference of
     films, actors\actresses and the movie industry which is published yearly
     by Microsoft Corporation.  (BN)
  -  There's a bit of a historical gap between Edison's invention (and in turn,
     what appears to be meant as a clip from "The Great Train Robbery" (1979))
     to 1920s-style comedy.  (It's certainly post-1918, since Pinky refers to a
     comeback by Kaiser Wilhem, who abidcated his position as emperor of
     Germany in November, 1918 -- though Wilhelm spent the rest of his life in
     Holland, and unlike his fellow Kaiser Karl Hapsburg, did not attempt a
     comeback.)  (EOC)
  +  The era of nickelodeons was around the time shortly after the invention
     of the camera.  Most all nickelodeon films were short (less than one
     reel), and were dedicated to side-show acts, nature scenes, or other
     non-story films.  One of the things they did was film a train going
     toward the camera slowly and sped it up.  These kind of shorts were the
     ones that drove people out the theaters, and were probably what was
     being referenced to.  In addition, if the clip was from the Great Train
     Robbery (which I doubt), it surely wouldn't have been the film released
     in 1979.  There was the original version (a silent film) released in the
     very early 1900's (i.e. circa 1915-1925).  (JWh)
  +  "The Great Train Robbery" is known for the legend that people ran out of
     the theater when the train appeared on the screen.  (JK)
  +  Brain's mountee bit spoofs the Perils of Pauline, a silent film series
     that led to the invention of cliffhangers in films.  (JK)
  +  "Hal Slug" == Hal Roach, independent producer of short & feature-length
     comedies. His most famous stars were Laurel and Hardy (parodied here by
     Pinky and the Brain), who worked for him from the twenties through the
     early forties.  He also produced the long running "Little Rascals" series
     until he sold it to MGM in 1938.  (JJW, ME)
  +  Bathing beauties were a trademark of Mack Sennett, the silent-era
     archrival to Hal Roach.  (EOC)
  +  The kid coming in as the mice are leaving is Carl Switzer who played
     Alfalfa, one of the more famous members of the "Our Gang"/"Little Rascals"
     series.  According to a "Little Rascals" FAQ, he was killed after pulling
     a knife on a man who owed him money and the man then shot him in
     self-defense.  (ME)
  -  NIT: Alfalfa wasn't originally in the group.  He did not appear until
     1935.  (JK)
  +  Clarence Birdseye figured out how to freeze food so that it could be sold
     in grocery stores.  (ME)
  -  "Clarence Birdseye" was changed from "Jerry Lewis" in ADR.  (RC)
  -  DYN: The title card for "Get Squished" lists Russell Calabrese as the
     director.  Russell Calabrese directed the both segments of today's
     episode.  (ME)
  +  A reference to the infamous Jerry Lewis film "The Day the Clown Cried" can
     be seen on one movie poster.  It was a film about a clown that entertains
     kids in a Nazi concentration camp which was never released.  (EOC, JK)
  -  This is the second time that film has been referenced in a WBA cartoon;
     the first, of course, was "The Wretched Clown" in Animaniacs' "Hearts of
     Twilight" -- episode 20.  (JJW)
  +  Norma Talmadge started what we now know as the "Hollywood Walk of Fame"
     when she accidently stepped into wet cement in front of Graumann's Chinese
     Theater in 1927.  (ME)
  -  "The Emperor Brain" is probably a reference to "The Emperor Jones" (see
     the Paul Robeson version, 1933).  (EOC)
  +  In "The Emperor Brain" movie, when Brain is being experimented on with
     two disembodied rings of light moving up and down, the reference is to
     Fritz Lang's classic 1926 silent movie "Metropolis," where in one scene
     a mad scientist creates a lifelike robot using rings of light that look
     and move in the same way.  (JJW)
  -  The scene with Brain in the desert is probably a reference to Rudolph
     Valentino's performance in the 1921 silent film "The Sheik".  (JK, BN)
  +  The remaing person in the audience appears to be Walt Disney who gets the
     idea for Mickey Mouse's ears from Brain's shadow.  Notice the music
     vaguely resembles "When You Wish Upon a Star" from Disney's "Pinocchio"
     (1940).  (ME)
  +  "I'm ready for my closeup, Mr. DeMille" refers to Norma Desmond's famous
     quote from "Sunset Boulevard", a 1950 movie about a silent screen actress
     attempting a comeback.  (ME)
  +  Hollywoodland was a real estate development of the 1920s that either Roach
     or Sennett (I think the former) was involved in.  The venture failed, but
     was the source of the famous "Hollywood" sign, which was shortened from
     "Hollywoodland" in 1949.  (EOC, ME)
Episode: 26

"Hoop Schemes" --
  +  The title refers to the 1994 documentary "Hoop Dreams", filmed by
     Frederick Marx, Peter Gilbert and Steve James.  It follows two inner-city
     Chicago high school basketball players, Arthur Agee and William Gates, 
     through high school and into college, as they pursue their dream of
     playing in the NBA.  The film won several critics awards, but did not
     receive any Oscar nominations, which many felt it deserved.  (BN)
  +  Nathan Lane is an actor who is known for Broadway musicals such as "Guys
     and Dolls", and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum", which he
     won a Tony for.  He is also known for such films as "The Lion King", where
     he voiced Timon the meerkat, and "The Birdcage".  (JK)
  -  The line about him being greedy and needy is one whose specific reference
     I can't pinpoint, but I recall that Lane refused to repeat his stage role
     in "Love! Valour! Compassion!" in the film version; maybe he wanted more
     money?  (JJW)
  -  The opening song, with its "la-la-lo," may be reminiscent of a Simon &
     Garfunkel song, "The Boxer," where the refrain was "Lie-a-lie."  (JJW)
  +  Peter Bogdanovich is a film director ["The Last Picture Show" (1971) and
     "Paper Moon" (1973)] with a rather well-publicized sex life (his partners
     including Cybill Shepherd and the late Dorothy Stratten).  (JJW)
  +  The Jordan-Baseball joke refers to 1993, when Michael Jordan "retired"
     from the NBA and joined the Birmingham Barons, a minor league AA team part
     of the Chicago White Sox organization.  However, his baseball skills were
     not as good as his basketball skills.  Jordan decided to leave baseball
     and returned to basketball in mid-1995.  (JK, ME)
  +  "Got My Mojo Working" is a much covered blues song either by Anne Cole or
     Muddy Waters, depending on who you talk to.  "Mojo" is a magic vodoo
     charm.  (ME)
  -  According to the billboard, Indiana is the "Home of Man".  (BN)
  +  The person Pinky suggests they're going to see in Indiana is Scott Joplin.
     To my knowledge, Joplin never set foot in that state.  Joplin (1868?-1917)
     was the "King of Ragtime Writers," composing several tunes you've
     undoubtedly heard before.  Notable titles: Maple Leaf Rag,
     The Entertainer, Gladiolus Rag.  (RO)
  +  Bobby Nacht == Bobby Knight, coach of the Indiana Hoosiers.  Known as a
     demanding disciplinarian with an explosive temper (Yes, he did in fact
     throw chairs!).  He led the Hoosiers to NCAA titles in 1976, 1981 and
     1987.  He also coached the gold medal winning men's basketball team of
     the 1984 Olympics.  He was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in
     1991.  (BN)
  -  And, of course, "Nacht" is German for "night."  (RO)
  +  Tom Lehrer is famous for his comedy songs of the 1950s and '60s.  Notable
     titles: The Masochism Tango, Poisoning Pigeons in the Park, So Long Mom
     -- A Ballad for World War III, The Vatican Rag.  He also wrote a couple
     songs for the PBS children's program "The Electric Company".  Currently,
     Lehrer is a math professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
  -  Lehrer also wrote "The Elements", which obviously inspired the Animaniacs
     songs "Yakko's World", "Wakko's America", and "The Presidents Song".
     Lehrer's "New Math" was adapted by the A! staff for "Multiplication".
  +  "Space Jam" was a 1996 film starring Michael Jordan.  The plot centered
     around Jordan joining the Looney Tunes in a basketball game against aliens
     who stole the basketball talent from five NBA stars.  (JK)
  +  Brain's basketball teammates include:
     .  Jamie Furr == Jamie "Klinger on M*A*S*H" Farr.  (JJW)
     .  Flop Wilson == Flip Wilson, comedian and host of an early 1970's
          variety television show of the same name, on which Flip would dress
          up in drag and play a character named Geraldine Jones.  (BN)
     .  Chuck Foolery == Game show host ("The Love Connection") Chuck Woolery.
     .  Rue McClanahy == Rue McLanahan, from "The Golden Girls," and Lady
          MacBird in the original production of the infamous underground 1960s
          political satire, "MacBird." (OK, so that isn't relevant here, so
          what.)  (JJW)
     .  Dudley Bore == Actor, pianist and composer Dudley Moore.  (BN)
     .  Maury Smovich == Daytime talk show host Maury Povich, formerly of
          the television show "A Current Affair" and married to newswoman
          Connie Chung.  (BN)
  +  Air Brain == Air Jordan, a brand of Nike sneakers endorsed by Michael
     Jordan.  (JK)
  +  Pinky's basketball alias refers to Spud Webb, a professional basketball
     player who despite his size, is a good slam dunker.  (JK)
  +  Brain's basketball alias refers to Muhammad Ali, a champion boxer.  (JK)
  -  NIT - When playing the Bills, the scoreboard shows a time of 15:00.  An
     NBA quarter is only 12 minutes long, not 15.  (BN)
  +  The teams that Brain's team plays refer to the Chicago Bulls (Bills), Utah
     Jazz (Tazz), Seattle Supersonics (Supertonics), L.A. Clippers (Knippers),
     and the Orlando Magic (Tragic).  (JK)
  +  Layup's == Lay's Potato Chips, which had a commercial where two B-balls
     stars (Larry Bird and Vlade Divac, I believe) shaved their heads bald
     because of a bet where they ate more than one potato chip.  (JK, BN)
  -  The person with Brain is Vlade Divac, formerly of the Los Angeles Lakers,
     Traded to the Charlotte Hornets for the 1996-1997 season.  (ME)
  +  Brain's garish appearance and infantile behavior after he becomes a star
     is obviously modeled after NBA's "bad-boy" Dennis Rodman.  (JJW)
  +  Broadcaster Marv Albert's catchphrase is, has been, and will be "Yessss!"
     (Marv usually covers the New York Knicks and Rangers, but also known for
     his NBC basketball work)  (JJW)
  +  Pheidippedes, according to the legend, ran 26 miles from Marathon to
     Athens to announce the Greek victory over the Persians in 490 B.C.  After
     running 26 miles (and many more in the previous days trying to get
     Spartans to help the Athenians fight the war), you too would have sweaty
     feet!  (ME)
  -  The music in the background to most of the basketball scenes seemed to be
     a takeoff on "Sweet Georgia Brown" - which, of course, is the Harlem
     Globetrotters' theme song.  (BT)
Episode: 27

"This Old Mouse" --
  +  The "cold opening" featured in this episode was made up of unused footage
     from "Cinebrainia" (episode #25)  (RC)
  -  This marks the first time that "Pinky and the Brain" has had a pre-titles
     "Cold Opener".  (JJW)
  +  The ACME Bog is a reference to the Arrowhead Pond, home arena of the NHL's
     (Disney-owned) Mighty Ducks of Anaheim.  (RM)
  -  Musical reference:  When Pinky refers to Einstein's theory of relativity,
     the music is "The Acme Song" from the Animaniacs short "Cookies For
     Einstein"-- the song, in that cartoon, that helped Einstein discover the
     theory of relativity.  (JJW)
  +  Pinky's dance to "Just Say Narf," even to the kick and somersault off the
     wall, seems quite close to the "Make 'Em Laugh" dance in the movie,
     "Singin' In The Rain" (1952).  (EP)
Episode: 28

"Pinky & the Brain... and Larry" --
  +  This short parodies the Three Stooges comedy team, with Larry as a
     demi-caricature of Larry Fine.  (EOC)
  -  The whole idea of the episode was to offer a scant story as a vehicle to
     present this concept, as a direct reaction to network suggestions to
     rework Pinky and the Brain.  (Ed. Note: In other words, if you thought
     this was a bad short, it was meant to be.)  (EOC)
  +  Carrot Top is a comedian named after his orange hairdo.  (JK)
  +  Brain's wallpaper toupee resembles Moe Howard's hairstyle.  (JK)
  +  "Brain, Larry, cheese...  Brain, Larry, cheese..." comes from the infamous
     line "Moe Larry, the Cheese" was in the Three Stooges Short:
     "Horses' Collars".  It's the one where they are in the old west and they
     have to retrieve an IOU from an outlaw.  Every time Curly saw a mouse, he
     needed cheese to eat to calm him down.  (RayG)
  +  Larry appears with Paul Simon at the end of the short, apparently taking
     over for Art Garfunkle.  (JK)
  +  Zeppo refers to the fourth of the Marx Brothers that appeared in movies.

"Where the Deer and the Mousealopes Play" --
  +  The title parodies a line from the song "Home on the Range", specifically
     "Where the deer and the antelope play".  (JK)
  +  Marisa Tomei did in fact win an Oscar, Best Supporting Actress for her
     role in the 1993 film "My Cousin Vinny".  (BN)
  +  "3D Magic Eye" pictures were a mid-1990's fad where an image was hidden
     in a very abstract colored picture and through adjusting your eyes, you
     could see the three dimensional image.  Many people had trouble focusing
     their eyes in exactly the right way necessary to see the 3D image, hence
     Brain's plan.  (JK, BN)
  +  Kenny Kingston runs a "psychic hotline" and in one of the better
     descriptions that I've read, he "gestures wildly in his psychic
     commercials as if he is selling used cars".  (BN)
  +  Mousealope==Jackalope, a mythical creature that's part jackrabbit and
     part antelope.  (JK)
  +  The "Man is in the forest" line is from Disney's 1942 animated film
     "Bambi".  (JK)
  +  Mike Nesmith is a member of the Monkees rock band that is known for not
     being with the group for their 1980's reunion tour.  (JK)
  +  Pittsburgh was the center of the steel industry in the USA from the late
     19th century well into the 20th century (it's why the NFL team is named
     the way it is).  The irony is that practically all of the steel plants
     belonging to the major steel producers in the Pittsburgh area have shut
     down since the mid-1970s.  The time when Fred Allen could make a joke
     that a steel strike made the natives see the sun for the first time has
     long since passed.  (EOC)
  +  Slinkies are toy springs that walk down stairs.  (JK)
  +  The hunters are caricatures of Robert DeNiro and Christopher Walken, who
     starred in the 1978 film "The Deer Hunter".  Which was a film about 3
     Pennsylvania steelworkers who embark on a tour of duty in the Vietnam
     War.  The "Are you talkin' to me?" line is from Robert DeNiro's
     performance in the 1976 film "Taxi Driver".  (BM, BN)
  +  "A deer, a female deer" is from the song Do-Re-Mi from "The Sound of
     Music".  (JK)
  +  The Del Monte character is a caricature of ex-senator/1996 presidential
     candidate Bob Dole, the pun based on brands of fruit.  This joke has been
     used before, see episode #15 - "Pinkasso".  (EOC, BN)
  +  "Y'all come back now, you hear" is from the Beverly Hillbillies.  (JK)
  -  Nit: The background banner shown when Del Monte is addressing the crowd
     has a spelling error, it reads "Welcome Back Mousealepes."  (BN)
  +  The Mousealope song is a parody of folk song "This Land is My Land" by
     Woody Guthrie.  (JK, TMa)
  +  The owner of one of the plants, Remington Steel, is a reference to the
     Pierce Brosnan show "Remington Steele" for NBC of the 1980s.  (EOC)
  +  The commercial with Brain looking at Pittsburgh, and then looking with
     a tear in his eye at the camera is a parody of a very famous commercial
     from the early 1970s that showed an Indian weeping in a similar fashion
     at the sight of pollution.  (EOC)
  +  Pinky also does a commercial parody, being the famous "brain on drugs/egg"
     public service announcement where a person demonstrates drugs by using
     an egg as a brain and a frying pan as drugs.  (EOC, JK)
  +  The Oscar sequence was a parody of an actual event; when Marlon Brando
     won a Best Actor Oscar for his role in "The Godfather," Brando sent one
     Sacheen Littlefeather to reject the award on his behalf.  She gave a
     speech on Indian rights.  (The woman was really a professional actress
     who had used the name Maria Cruz and, among other things, had been
     selected as Miss American Vampire of 1970.)  (EOC)
  +  The Oscar is presented to Brain by Tony Curtis.  (JJW)
  -  BTW - The stage used for the Oscar scene was that of the Animaniacs
     "65th Anniversary Show" complete with WB shield and anvils.  According
     to an inside source, this was an error, the background from the
     "65th Anniversary Show" was only supposed to be for color reference,
     not for the actual background.  (EOC, RC)
  +  Ted Koppel's "Nightline" show for ABC is parodied here.  (EOC)
  +  "Actor and activist Martin Sheen" refers to the various liberal causes
     that Sheen has fought for, which have included several arrests during
     anti-nuclear demonstrations.  (See Episode #17 - "The Mummy" for a similar
     Sheen caricature.)  (BN)
  +  Terry Bradshaw is a commentator for Fox Sports' coverage of the NFL;
     before that, he had been an outstanding quarterback for the Pittsburgh
     Steelers.  And yes, he is bald.  (EOC)
Episode: 29

"My Feldmans, My Friends" --
  +  Fireside Chats were a term originally applied to radio addresses given
     by Franklin Roosevelt during his presidency, and were briefly revived by
     Jimmy Carter.  (EOC)
  +  "The Greater Communicator" is a play on a nickname for former president
     Ronald Reagan, "The Great Communicator".  (EOC)
  +  A Jarvik heart was one of a type of artificial hearts developed in the
     1980's (it's named for its creator).  The heart was a failure as a
     long-term transplant device, and is no longer used as such.  (EOC)
  +  Now, you wonder about that other neighbor, Carlyle, don't you?  Note the
     sign that can be seen in some shots of the Sultana manse, regarding hiring
     for Chemical Workers.  (EOC)
  +  Did everyone get the reference to the ancient "Would I?  Would I?" joke?
     If there's anyone who hasn't heard it, it's about a very shy boy with an
     artificial eye who goes to a school dance.  He's poor and can't afford a
     glass eye, so his artificial eye is painted and made of wood.  All his 
     life, people had made fun of him because of his artificial eye, so he is 
     afraid to ask any girl to dance.  Then he spots a girl who has a hair lip 
     (or a peg leg -- depending on which version of the joke you hear), and he
     decides that she probably wouldn't make fun of him.  So he goes up to
     her, and asks her timidly, "Would you like to dance?"  She's delighted
     and exclaims, "Would I?  Would I?"  He thinks she's making fun of him,
     so he shouts "Hair lip!  Hair lip!" (or "Peg leg!  Peg leg!", again,
     depending on which version of the joke you hear.)
     Sometimes you'll hear people doing the punch line without the set up,
     such as in the cartoon when Mr. Sultana-Sultana says "Would I?  Would I?
     Peg leg!  Peg leg!"  What was really weird was when Pinky did it with the
     wrong intro:  "I do! I do!  Hair lip!"  (RN)
  -  SONG BREAK:  When Mr. Sultana mentions that he played trombone #72, the
     music playing in the background is "76 Trombones".  (BN)
  +  Gary Busey (b. 1944) was a musician before he was an actor, and has
     played a wide range of lead and supporting parts in the 1970's forward,
     including an Oscar-nominated role in 1978's "The Buddy Holly Story."
  +  Paella is a Spanish dish that consists of meat or shrimp on a bed of rice
     and with a few spices, which adds some logic to Pinky's nonsense remark.
  +  Rush Limbaugh, the conservative radio commentator, is known for his
     girth.  (EOC)
  +  "Fed Up" is a parody of Federal Express, the overnight courier company.
Episode: 30

"Brain Noir" --
  +  The opening, with Brain floating face down, is a reference to the
     opening of Billy Wilder's 1950 film "Sunset Boulevard," where William
     Holden's corpse is discovered floating face down in a swimming pool and
     Holden narrates the film from beyond the grave.  (JJW)
  +  "A Little Dab'll Do Ya," quoted by Pinky at the start, was a tagline
     for, I think, Brylcreem, a product used to slick down hair (like the
     petroleum jelly Pinky uses).  (EOC)
  +  The "evil plot" involving Los Angeles' water supply is based on Roman
     Polanski's 1974 movie "Chinatown."  (JJW)
  -  Pomona is a suburb of Los Angeles, about 35 miles east.  These days
     it's mostly known for being the smoggiest in the USA and having the
     worst water in Southern California.  (KL)
  +  Captain Midnight was a radio program popular throughout the 1940's,
     and broadcast for the most part on Mutual.  The hero was a pilot who
     flew his plane around the world, solving mysteries and fighting
     criminals.  The original sponsor was Ovaltine, which dropped its
     longtime sponsorship of Little Orphan Annie to pick up this show, and
     for a dime and a product label, you could get various premiums,
     including Captain Midnight badges, rings, and decoders, which are now
     valued collector's items, and were then quite popular as well, as they
     are with the City Council folk.  (EOC)
  +  "Don't be so sure I'm as crooked as I'm supposed to be" is a line
     spoken by Sam Spade in "The Maltese Falcon."  (JJW)
  +  Mullholland Drive is a very windy road that goes circles around Bel
     Air.  There are some very dangerous curves on that road.  (KL)
  -  "I thought I told you never to say that name" sure reminded me of Humphrey
     Bogart telling Dooley Wilson, "I thought I told you never to play that
     song!" in "Casablanca" (1942).  (BHar)
  +  "You dirty hamster" == "You dirty rat", a line from the 1931 film
     "The Public Enemy", starring James Cagney.  (JK)
  +  Another reference to "Sunset Boulevard" in that it was the street that
     Snowball's castle was on.  (ASR)
  -  When Brain goes to Snowball's and he starts describing it he says 
     something like: "It was one of those Spanish Style medieval castles that 
     everyone was so nuts about a few years back..."  This is very similar to
     a line from the 1944 movie "Double Indemnity".  (KPe)
  +  Note the portrait of Snowball based on Gainsborough's "Blue Boy."  (EOC)
  +  A clever reference, in the mansion scene, to the title of the previous
     encounter with Billie -- Episode #4A "The World Can Wait".  (JJW)
  -  The list of Snowball's ("Kidnap Billie, steal Brain's plan, bribe city
     council") reminds me of a scene in Alfred Hitchcock's "Marnie" (1964)
     where the character played by Diane Baker discovers Sean Connery's secrets
     by virtue of the fact that she finds a sheet of paper where he's written
     out all the secret things he has to do: "Talk to mother, pay off
     businessman," etc.  The fact that the crucial item on both lists has to
     do with bribing somebody suggests that this might be a reference.  (JJW)
  +  As we see the shot of L.A.'s City Hall, Pinky does, in part, the
     opening to Dragnet (City Hall being on the police badges seen at the
     start of the show).  The radio version of Dragnet started in 1949, the
     television version in 1952.  (EOC)
  +  Sam Spade is the detective from Dashille Hammett's mystery novel
     "The Maltese Falcon" (which was later made into a movie in 1931, and
     then re-made in 1941).  (EOC, BN, JJW)
  +  The elephant stampede is a reference to a scene in "Chinatown" where
     an enraged farmer brings a herd of sheep into a meeting of the City
     Council (or whatever it's called) and demands to know where he's going
     to get water for them.  (JJW)
  -  "Egads, it's astounding, Brain... That you actually found a cab in LA."
     To hail a cab in LA essentially means you have to call up the company,
     telling them where you are, and wait for it to arrive.  (KL)
  +  Pinky's narration comes from "Goldilocks and the Three Bears" and
     "Little Red Riding Hood".  (JK)
  +  Brain's confrontation with the hoodlums at the reservoir parallels the
     scene in "Chinatown" where Jack Nicholson is menaced by a nasty little
     thug (played by Roman Polanski) who slits Jack's nose, saying: "You're
     a very nosy fella, kittycat.  You know what happens to nosy fellas?
     Huh?  Okay, I'll tell you: They lose their noses."  (JJW)
  +  Snowball's line "Top of the world, Brain!" is a reference to Jimmy
     Cagney's last line in the 1949 film "White Heat": "Made it, ma! Top of
     the world!"  (JJW)
  +  "A mouse! A hamster! A mouse! A hamster!"  This takes off on the scene
     in "Chinatown" where Fay Dunaway, between rounds of tough-guy slapping
     from Nicholson, tries to explain her relationship to a mysterious girl:
     "She's my sister.  She's my daughter... [slap]  My sister... [slap]
     My daughter, my sister, my daughter, SHE'S MY SISTER AND MY DAUGHTER!"
  -  The 360 degree pan around Pinky and Billie as she kisses him is
     probably a reference to the famous shot in Alfred Hitchcock's "Vertigo"
     (1958) where the camera circles James Stewart and Kim Novak as they kiss.
  +  Near the end when Billie says, "He was some kind of a mouse."  This is 
     a takeoff of Marlene Dietrich's line in the 1958 movie "Touch Of Evil",
     where she says, "He was some kind of a man," as Orson Welles' 
     character lies dead in a shallow canal.  (KPe, BN)
  +  "Get your hands off me you damp dirty hamster!", is from the 1968 film
     "Planet of the Apes".  The in-joke being that Roddy McDowell, who played
     one of the apes in the film does the voice of Snowball.  (JK, JWo)
Episode: 31

"A Meticulous Analysis of History" --
  +  The writers look to Gilbert and Sullivan for inspiration, borrowing
     "When I Was A Lad" from "H.M.S. Pinafore,"  (EOC)
  +  Cleopatra (actually Cleopatra VII Ptolemy -- she was of a Greek dynasty)
     was first the lover of Julius Caesar, by which she had a child, and later
     of Mark Antony.  (These are probably the two figures seen with her in the
     short.)  When Antony came out on the losing end of his war with Octavian,
     the historian Plutarch relates that she killed herself with an asp
     (ironically, a symbol of Egyptian royalty.).  (EOC)
  +  Caesar was drawn to resemble Rex Harrison and Antony was drawn to resemble
     Richard Burton, who played the roles in the Fox film "Cleopatra."  (RN)
  +  Hannibal (actually, Hannibal Barca) was one of the great generals of
     history.  He used elephants to effect a spectacular crossing of the Alps
     in 218 BC, and defeated the Romans numerous times, most spectacularly at
     Cannae, his masterpiece.  In fact, after Cannae, only a tactical blunder
     made him unable to march on, and capture, Rome.  Eventually, the Romans
     did manage to beat him on a number of occasions (Zama in 202 BC, for
     example), and isolated his forces in the Second Punic War (in part through
     the use of masterful deception tactics).  (EOC)
  +  The Sunday night joke refers to when Pinky and the Brain went up against
     60 Minutes in prime-time during the 1995-1996 season.  Like most other
     shows that have been placed in the time slot against 60 Minutes, the
     ratings were less than promising.  This led to a proposed redesign of the
     show, a sample of how this new show may have looked can be seen in Episode
     #50 -- "You'll Never Eat Food Pellets in This Town Again".  This idea was
     rejected by WB management, and instead the show was pulled from prime-time.
     The ultimate result, once management finally got its way, is the horrid
     (in the editor's opinion) "Pinky, Elmyra and the Brain".  (BN, JK)
  +  Attila the Hun usurped the throne of his Asiatic warrior nation in 444 AD,
     and using his cavalry masterfully (which had already invaded Hungary by
     the 430s and had smashed the Eastern Roman Empire in 441) smashed the
     Eastern Roman Empire again in 447.  He invaded Western Europe, and carried
     out the frightful carnage and destruction (earning his name, "The Scourge
     of God"), though he was defeated at the Battle of Chalons in 451 by the
     Franks.  (Probably the battle referred to in the song.)  An invasion of
     Italy was forestalled by an outbreak of plague.  He choked to death from
     a nosebleed in 453 while sharing a bed with a new bride.  (EOC)
  -  DYN - Brain's subliminal messages read "You see, you're under my control"
     and "I forced you to use the still frame on your VCR."
  +  Caligula (a nickname meaning "Little Boots" or "Bootikin", depending on
     the translation -- his real name was Gaius) has an evil reputation, in
     part fostered by Suetonius' description of him in "The Twelve Caesars."
     Incest, extortion, wanton extravagance and just plain madness were just
     the least of his faults.  There is a legend that he appointed his horse,
     Incitatus, to the Senate, as an act of defiance to that august body.
     Other versions state that Incitatus was appointed consul.  (In
     "I, Claudius," Robert Graves, who was a classical scholar, states that
     Incitatus was first made a citizen, then a senator, and at last put on
     the list for nominees for the consulship.)  Suetonius does supply a
     physical description of Caligula, which shows the caricature in this short
     is quite off.  It's a bit of a stretch to call him a world conqueror,
     since his only military campaign was truly a farce, in every sense of the
     word.  (EOC)
  -  Pinky holds a picture of his girlfriend, Phar Fignewton (cf. Episode #5A --
     "Jockey For Position"), in one shot.  (JK)
  +  That is a decent caricature of Wellington, the Allied commander at the
     Battle of Waterloo in 1815, which marked Napoleon's final defeat.  (His
     nose was his most caricatured feature.)  (EOC)
  +  Wellington won at Waterloo, but the picture showed an admiral on deck
     with a spyglass -i.e. Nelson of Trafalgar.  (JMG)
  +  Nelson should probably be eliminated, because (a) he never fought Napoleon
     directly [not that Wellington faced off against Napoleon that often, doing
     most of his fighting in Spain, when Napoleon was elsewhere], (b) Nelson was
     distinctive in that he was blind in one eye [which was used on occasions
     where it was convenient not to see a particular signal, as legend would
     have it], and (c) Nelson died in action and did not live to see the end of
     the Napoleonic wars, whereas Wellington lived to be an important figure in
     British politics well into  Victoria's reign.  I agree it is a little
     peculiar to put the action on board ship.  Maybe the ship represents the
     one that took Napoleon to his final exile on St. Helena.  (EOC)
  -  Note that there are no pants on the Bill Clinton picture, and that he is
     wearing boxer shorts.  This may possibly be a reference to his admission
     during an interview on MTV that he prefers to wear boxers over briefs.  It
     could also refer to his *ahem* difficulty keeping his pants on in office,
     which ultimately led to his impeachment.  (BN, EOC)
  +  The cheese song Pinky refers to is "Cheese Roll Call" from Episode #4.

"Funny, You Don't Look Rhennish" --
  +  A number of references to the cast of "Friends," which is produced by WB.
     Courtney Cox and Matt LeBlanc are both from "Friends", and the cast made
     a notable commercial for Coca-Cola, which explains the Cherry Coke gag.
     (EOC, JK)
  -  DYN - The play on the Alex Comfort book "Joy of Sex" in the 
     "Joy of Sects" title.  Keep a sharp eye on the gag in the text of the
     entry for the Rhennish, which can be seen in the background.  (EOC)
  -  There is an actual book on comparative religions entitled "Joy of Sects".
     The author is Peter Occhiogrosso.  It was published in 1994 by Doubleday.
  +  Dick Clark is the seemingly ageless TV personality of, among other shows,
     American Bandstand.  (EOC)
  +  The barn raising scenes spoofs the musical number in the 1954 film "Seven
     Brides for Seven Brothers".  (JK)
  +  Elliot Ness is the cop from the drama show, The Untouchables.  (JK)
  +  SONG BREAK: Richard Stone did an excellent job using the song "Simple
     Gifts" in the background.  The song comes from the early American Shakers,
     who also believed in a simple, hard-working lifestyle, like the Amish of
     today.  Aaron Copland used this song in his ballet - "Appalachian Spring"
     (about frontier life), to great effect.  Anyone who knows this piece, I
     think all of the barn-raising sequences are meant to parody this ballet.
     There are no direct melodic quotes (that I can tell), but the general
     flavor of the music and the dance-like movement of the Rhennish men
     strongly suggest it.  (BT)
  +  "Fabioland" is a reference to 'trashy romance novel' cover-boy, turned "I
     Can't Believe it's not Butter" spokesman, Fabio.  (BN)
Episode: 32

"Mice Don't Dance" --
  +  The title refers to "Cats Don't Dance", a 1997 cartoon film about a cat
     who tries to make it big in Hollywood.  (JK)
  +  Brain's unlucky break with his blimp is a reference to the Hindenburg
     disaster of May 1937 (two years prior to the setting of this short).  The
     common theory was that static electricity built up between the outer skin
     and the atmosphere which created a spark and the hydrogen went,
     destroying the great airship as it was coming in for a landing in New
     Jersey.  Though a more recent investigation by both the current owners of
     the Zeppelin Company and others has turned up evidence that it wasn't
     actually the hydrogen we saw burning, but rather some VERY flammable
     doping used on the fabric skin.  Hydrogen would have just erupted in a
     single, fast-burning fireball that would have shot upwards and out of the
     top of  the craft, while the fire seen in the film was much more
     long-lasting and actually worked its way DOWN the envelope.  Additionally,
     had it been the hydrogen exploding, the ship would have lost all its lift
     almost instantly and fallen rapidly straight to the ground, while the
     films again show it falling nose-first and crashing really rather gently
     until the structure begins to collapse under its own weight.
     (ME, EOC, BC, RM)
  +  The movie marquee at the beginning reads "Fred & Ginger in The Gay
     Incontinential."  Fred & Ginger refers to Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers,
     dancing pair teamed up by RKO for a series of 1930's musicals.  The title
     is a combination of the 1934 Astaire-Rogers film "The Gay Divorcee" which
     featured "The Continental" as one of its songs.
     (BC, EOC)
  +  The AYPWIP refers to the novelty song "Does Your Chewing Gum Lose It's
     Flavor on the Bedpost Overnight".  (JK)
  +  Historical accuracy: Television was indeed publicly demonstrated at the
     1939 World's Fair by RCA Corporation and David Sarnoff who was leading the
     effort for RCA.  Television was first publicly demonstrated in 1934 by
     P.T. Farnsworth in competition with RCA.  (ME)
  +  Roosevelt's speech at the Fair's opening on April 30, 1939 was televised,
     and marked the start of regular television broadcasting in the United
     States  (commercial television broadcasting, in the form we know it,
     started in July, 1941).  The televisions themselves are faithful
     reproductions of 1939-era televisions (a handful of manufacturers were
     selling them in 1939).  (EOC)
  -  Brain's comment about television not replacing radio because "who would
     want their radios staring back at them" was a common argument by the
     nay-sayers of the technology.  (BC)
  +  The fair grounds themselves are rather well represented, from the Trylon
     and Perisphere (the large spiky thing next to the large round thing), to
     the General Rotors Futuristic (a parody of the General Motors Futurama,
     which purported to present the world of 1960 -- including cars that would
     cost $200 and, indeed, the superhighways referred to, though some
     predictions on highway safety control measures were *way* off -- the
     interior is quite faithful to the original).  One sign we see refers to
     the Court of Power and Constitution Mall, which met at right angles near
     the Trylon and Perisphere.  Also, the artists were very careful to put the
     television building (in reality, the RCA Building) and the WPA building
     right next to each other -- they were, in fact, opposite each other on the
     Avenue of Patriots.  The theme for the fair in 1939 was "The World of
     Tomorrow", hence all of the verbal gags in Whalen's speech.  The
     ostensible celebration for the fair was the 150th anniversary of
     Washington's first inaugural, which occurred on April 30, 1789 (hence the
     Washington statue, which, BTW, seems to be placed accurately in Washington
     Square just north of the Trylon and Perisphere, on Constitution Mall --
     it was sixty feet tall, and made of off-white plaster).  (EOC)
  +  Bill "Bojangles" Robinson was indeed a master tap dancer, widely
     considered the best tap dancer of the 1930's and 1940's, who indeed
     starred opposite Shirley Temple in some films (e.g. "The Littlest Rebel"
     from 1935).  He starred as the Mikado in an updated version of the Gilbert
     and Sullivan operetta called "The Hot Mikado" a poster for which can be
     seen behind Robinson when he is talking to Brain on the phone.  Robinson
     did indeed star in productions of this in the 1939 season at the World's
     Fair -- in the Music Hall.  (EOC, BC)
  +  Fireside chats were radio addresses held at irregular intervals by
     President Roosevelt throughout his tenure.  Brain quotes the famous line
     from Roosevelt's first Inagural Address about fear.  (EOC)
  +  Grover Whalen was a real historical figure.  He really *was* President of
     the 1939-1940 World's Fair.  (His main job was head of the Mayor's
     Reception Committee, a job he held from 1919 to 1953 -- he was responsible
     for organizing things like ticker tape parades, which got him the nickname
     of New York's Official Greeter.)  Based on photographs I have seen, the
     artists did a rather good job of caricaturing the dapper Whalen.  (EOC)
  +  SONG BREAK: Brain's song wasn't to the tune of "Puttin' On the Ritz,"
     which is held in the iron copyright grip of the Irving Berlin estate (he
     composed it circa 1933), but to a "parody" tune that sounds *almost* like
     "Puttin' On the Ritz."  (JJW, BC)
  -  Nit: The next World's Fair was not in 1964, but it was the next one to be
     held in New York City.  There was a World's Fair held in Seattle in 1962,
     for example.  (BC)
  +  Brain's line "Pinky, lend me your comb" refers to the line "Kookie, Lend
     Me Your Comb" first used on the TV show "77 Sunset Strip" in reference to
     parking lot attendant Kookie, played by Edd Byrnes, the show was about two
     private detectives, but it turned out that most people watched because of
     Kookie.  Edd Byrnes then cut the novelty record "Kookie, Kookie, Lend Me
     Your Comb" at the height of his popularity (c. 1955).  (BHar, BC)

"Brain Drained" --
  +  Nutra Brain is a parody of artificial sweetener Nutra Sweet.  (EOC)
  +  The failed pancake jamboree is a reference to Episode #1 -- "Das Mouse".
  +  The Teamsters Union is prominent on Hollywood sets, to my knowledge,
     mainly in moving people and things around.  (EOC)
  -  Nit: Their subliminal chain letter plan in Snowball didn't fail. Instead,
     they aborted it after Snowball stole it and the lab was destroyed.  (JK)
  +  Among the schemes in Brain's Rolodex, and the episodes to which they may
       .  Infomercial - "But, That's Not All Folks" (Ep. 45) -OR-
                        "The Helpinki Formula" (Ep. 4A)
       .  Subliminal Messages - "Bubba Bo Bob Brain" (Ep. 4B)
       .  Perpetual Teatime - "Brain Meets Brawn" (Ep. 7A)
       .  Subliminal Messages - "Snowball" (Ep. 8)
       .  Workman's Compensation Scam - "Of Mouse and Man" (Ep. 2)
       .  Subliminal Messages - "Collect 'Em All" (Ep. 15)
       .  Giant Mirrored Disco Ball - "Pinkasso" (Ep. 15)
       .  Subliminal Messages - "Mice Don't Dance" (Ep. 32).... and others
  +  Uncle Wiggly is a board game where players attempt to maneuver a rabbit to
     a doctor.  (JK)
  -  During the suggestion montage in "Brain Drained," one of
     the people yell out "Pinky and Brain are sucked into the internet..."  
     This sounds like a reference to the WB animated series "Freakazoid!"
  +  Four P&tB staff writers and a few directors are "rather brutally"
     caricatured in this short.  (JJW, RC)
  +  Actor Tony Danza may be best known for his role in the 1980's sitcom
     "Who's The Boss?"  (BN)
  -  DYN - Pinky's trophy base:  World's Best Teamster.  (BN)
  +  George Gobel (a/k/a "Lonesome George") probably reached the height of his
     popularity on television in the 1950s, though he was still making
     appearances as late as the 1980s.  (EOC)
  +  Squiddly-Diddly was an octopus character from a number of Hanna-Barbera
     shorts of the 1960s.  (EOC)
Episode: 33

"Brain's Bogie" --
  +  Hooked on Dutch is no doubt a parody of Hooked on Phonics, one of those
     learning to read videos endlessly plugged on TV shows.  (EOC)
  +  Obsession is a brand of perfume put out by Calvin Klein, that featured
     very odd TV and print ads.  (EOC)
  +  The crossed out tattoos on Cher refer to (singer/actor/Congressman) Sonny
     Bono and musician Gregg Allman.  (EOC)
  +  Chico Gonzales is a parody of real-life golfer Chi Chi Rodriguez, who is
     well known for participating in charity golf events.  They even included
     his trademark golf club moves.  (EOC, ME)
  +  Saul Bellow did win the Pulitzer in 1976, for "Humboldt's Gift".  John
     Updike has indeed won twice, for "Rabbit is Rich" in 1982 and
     "Rabbit at Rest" in 1991.  (EOC)
  +  Olympia Dukakis was a co-star of "Moonstruck" and won an Oscar for her
     role in it.  (EOC)
  +  Jeu du Mot is French, and literally means a word game.  (EOC)
  +  "Happy Gilmore" was a 1996 film starring SNL alumnus Adam Sandler as a
     bad boy of golf.  (EOC)
  +  The celebrity golfers include William Shatner, Jay Leno and Whoopi
     Goldberg.  (EOC, BN)
  +  Nicklaus (seen in third place on the leader board) is golfing legend
     Jack "The Golden Bear" Nicklaus.  (EOC)
  +  The loud bald guy at the 18th green is Dick Vitale, a sportscaster known
     for broadcasting NCAA basketball games, in much the same manner as is
     portrayed here.  (EOC)
  +  Paul Newman is well known for racing cars, particularly at Lime Rock.
     His biggest racing moment was when he won the 24 Hours of Daytona at
     age 70. (or 70-something; his age was his car number)  (EOC, RO)

"Say What, Earth?" --
  +  "Pu-Pu platter" - Is a Chinese dish (or Hawaiian, depending on who you ask)
     consisting of an appetizer tray with shrimp toast, spare ribs, fried
     wontons, eggrolls, crab rangoon (fried wonton with crab & cream cheese in
     the middle), silver-wrapped chicken (kind of a triangular chicken meatball
     cooked wrapped in foil), a fried chicken wing, and beef on a skewer, and so
     on.  The whole thing is set in a circular tray surrounding a grill with a
     little blue flame coming out of it, probably Sterno or something.
     (JWo, AM)
  +  That wasn't a bad depiction of New York City's City Hall, though if
     that was meant to be Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, they missed, particularly
     in the voice.  (EOC)
  +  Fred Floppel (read: ABC's Ted Koppel) makes yet another appearance.  (EOC)
  +  Cuba's dictator Fidel Castro is caricatured.  (BN)
  -  Nit: They put the Statue of Liberty not on Liberty Island, but in the
     middle of New York City.  (EOC)
Episode: 34

"All You Need is Narf" --
  +  "The Feebles" == "The Beatles", and for one or two people who don't know
     whom "The Beatles" are, to put it briefly, they are perhaps the most
     popular rock and roll band of all times, formed in Liverpool, England in
     1960.  Their music is still widely played to this day.  (BN, JJW)
  +  Several Beatles songs are parodied in this episode, including "All You Eat
     Is Lunch" which, along with the episode title, parodies "All You Need Is
     Love" and "I Am the Cheeseman", which parodies "I Am the Walrus".  (JJW)
  +  In a background shot we can see a silver colored item labeled "Dr.
     Maxwell."  Presumably, this is "Maxwell's Silver Hammer" from the Beatles
     "Abbey Road" album.  (EOC, GA)
  -  Nit: "Maxwell's Silver Hammer," was recorded in 1969, and this was 1967.
  -  Nit: "Maxwell" was his *first* name, and he wasn't an MD yet anyway (he
     was only "majoring in medicine") so it should have been labeled
     "Mr. Edison".  (BM)
  -  DYN - On Brain's blueprint: Rev # 9 referring to the bizarre (to put it
     mildly) "Revolution #9" on the White Album.  (ME)
  +  "Yellow Submarine" is the animated Beatles film in which they go to
     Pepperland to fight the Blue Meanies.  (JK)
  +  The postal worker briefly seen is a caricature of Newman from NBC's highly
     successful 1990's sitcom "Seinfeld".  In the series, Newman was a postal
     worker.  (BN)
  +  The two Indian fellows we first see during the spice transaction are
     caricatures of Mujibur and Sirajul from "The Late Show With David
     Letterman".  (RC)
  +  The AYPWIP refers to the John Lennon song, "Give Peace a Chance".  (JK)
  +  "Mean Mister Ketchup" is a reference to the Beatles song "Mean Mister
     Mustard".  (BN)
  +  The Mousarishi == The Maharishi Yogi, guru and icon of the Countercultere
     Love Love Love movement  (JJW)
  -  When the people are standing in line to see the Mousearishi, the music
     on the soundtrack consists of a sitar playing "Gimme That Old Time
     Religion".  Hearing that familiar tune on that unfamiliar instrument in
     connection with that particular situation cracked me up.  (JJW)
  +  The anchorman seen twice in is a pretty decent visual and aural caricature
     of former CBS anchorman Walter Cronkite (as he would have looked circa
     1967).  Cronkite was an anchorman of one type or another from 1951 to
     1981; he took over "The CBS Evening News" in April of 1962, and held it
     until 1981.  (EOC)
  +  The group in front with the vertically-striped sweaters are the Beach
     Boys.  (D&D)
  +  The Smothers Brothers can be seen entering from the left in one shot where
     Pinky is the guru.  Dick and Tom Smothers (who are still performing
     together) were very popular in the 1960s.  At one time, they had a variety
     show on CBS that was noted for its political barbs (the late Pat Paulsen
     was a regular on the show), which got the show taken off the air.  (EOC)
  +  Mr. Frank is Frank Sinatra, and I presume the woman with him was Mia 
     Farrow, who was his wife at the time and really was a follower of the 
     Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.  (RN, EOC)
  +  Yoko Nono is a brutal caricature of Yoko Ono, who by many is blamed
     (rightly or wrongly) for breaking up the Beatles through her relationship
     with John Lennon.  John and Yoko recorded an album named "Two Virgins"
     where they were naked on the cover, hence the gag regarding no pants.
  -  Nit - While John's marriage to Yoko was a factor in the breakup of the
     group, the Beatles didn't break up *immediately* after the marriage as is
     suggested here.  (JJW)
  +  The version of the theme at the end spoofs the song "She Loves You".  (JK)
  +  "I have blisters on me fingers" is what Ringo screams at the end of
     "Helter Skelter" (on the White Album)  (ME)

"Pinky's Plan" --
  -  NIT: When Pinky is first starting to plan the party, he already has the
     WHO filled out as World Leaders.  When he receives the RSVPs, the WHO is
     blank.  He then fills it out as World Leaders.  (LG)
  +  The "Roger" referred to by "The First Lady" is probably Roger Clinton,
     the president's rather wild brother.  (EOC)
  -  The spies seen in black and white clothing with long pointed noses remind
     me of the spies seen in the "Spy Vs. Spy" series of comics seen in Mad
     Magazine.  (BN)
  +  Richard Simmons is the exercise guru noted for his curly hair, loud
     exercise clothes (like the purple tank top Brain wears) and annoying
     personality.  (EOC)
  +  "Et tu, Pinkus?" is a play on the alleged last words of Caesar, as he was
     stabbed by Brutus -- "Et tu, Brute?"  (And you, Brutus?)  (EOC)
  +  The world leaders in "Pinky's Plan include:
     (1) Russian President Boris Yeltsin
     (2) US President Bill Clinton
     (3) now-ex Prime Minister of the UK John Major
     (4) PLO Chairman Yassir Arafat
     (5) ex-Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney
     (6) Libyan leader Mummar Qadaffi (spellings vary)
  -  What's odd about Mulroney is that he has been out of office for some time,
     unlike John Major, who lost an election to Tony Blair while the cartoon
     would still have been in production.  Mulroney, a Progressive
     Conservative, resigned in 1993 and his party a few months later lost in
     one of the biggest shifts in Canadian history.  I'm not even sure he's
     still in the Candian parliament; his party retained only 2 seats in that
     election.  In any event, Jean Chretien has been the Prime Minister of
     Canada since 1993.  Why WBA missed this, I don't understand.  Perhaps J.C.
     isn't as funny as Mulroney was.  (EOC)
  -  Upon further review, there is a tiny window of time during which Pinky's
     Plan could have taken place.  Clinton, Major, Yeltsin and Mulroney were all
     in power between Clinton's swearing in on January 20, 1993 and Mulroney's
     resignation on February 24, 1993.  (This leaves aside Arafat's role with
     the Palestinian Authority, which really didn't come about until 1994 --
     one can assume that he's invited because he's a bigshot anyway.  I mean,
     Pinky *did* want Sonny Bono).  (EOC)
  +  The big rat is a stand in for Chuck E. Cheese, the mascot of the chain of
     pizza parlors with games and such like (a big sponsor, BTW, of Kids WB!).
  +  Pinky, at the point he is trying to convince the world leaders to
     follow Brain, tells them to think of children, puppies and Sally
     Struthers.  Struthers (perhaps best remembered for her role as Archie
     Bunker's daughter on "All in the Family") has been a spokeswoman for
     charities for a number of years.  (EOC)
  -  DYN - When the world leaders are taking back the keys, the Man in the
     Mouse Suit takes one also?  What country do you suppose HE'S the leader
     of?  (LG)
Episode: 35

"Brain Acres" --
  +  The title and many of the plot elements come from "Green Acres" which was
     a 1965-1971 CBS sitcom starring Eddie Albert as a lawyer who forsakes
     New York City for the country life of a farm near Hooterville, much to the
     amazement of his wife, played by Eva Gabor.  The song "Brain Acres" is a
     parody of the theme song to "Green Acres".  Note that one feature of the
     show was that Gabor's character gave names to all of the animals on the
     farm, rather like Maurice.  (EOC)
  -  Brain's latest plan seems similar to the plot of "Attack of the Killer
     Tomatoes", a 1980 film turned cartoon series about a mad scientist who
     plans to take over the world using mutant tomatoes.  (JK)
  +  "Highlights for Children" is a children's magazine, seemingly native to
     every pediatrician's office.  Goofus is a reference to "Goofus and
     Gallant", which is a feature on good manners versus bad manners.  (EOC)
  +  Maurice's creation scene is similar to the creation scene from
     "Frankenstein".  (JK)
  -  Maurice being a living carrot might be a reference to the original 1951
     film version of "The Thing."  One of the scientists discovers that the
     monster is a plant/vegetable life form (not animal) leading to fans to
     refer to it as a carrot.  (RN, BR, RC)
  -  Heard on the soundtrack: "Mutiny in the Nursery," a throwback to
     Classic WB animation, heard during the sequences (along with "You're in
     the Army Now") when Brain is training Maurice and in the initial shot in
     the supermarket.  (EOC)
  +  The scene during Maurice's training where Pinky is playing with the flower
     near the sink is like the original version of "Frankenstein," with the
     little girl playing with the flower.  (EOC)
  -  DYN - The woman in the supermarket picks up a box marked "Zinc Disodium
     Algenate", famous from "Be Careful What You Eat" song from Animaniacs  (RY)
  +  Pinky's joke about Old MacDonald becoming a clown refers to both the song
     "Old MacDonald" and Ronald McDonald, the trademark character of the 
     McDonald's fast food/burger chain.  (JK)
  -  The two neighboring farmers were modeled on Eb and Mr. Haney from
     "Green Acres". (RC)
  +  "Corn as High as an Elephant's Eye" is a reference to a line from "Oh
     What A Beautiful Mornin'" from "Oklahoma!" (Rodgers and Hammerstein).
  -  The "County Fair" song, may be from the Rodgers and Hammerstein score for
     the 1945 film "State Fair".  (EOC, JK)
  +  Maurice's attempts to heard sheep was a reference to the 1995 film "Babe"
     in which a piglet wants to heard sheep.  As was the announcer's "That'll
     do, carrot." (Ref. to "That'll do, pig," that James Cromwell's character
     used as an ultra-low key congratulations after Babe rounded up the sheep.)
     (RN, D&D)
  -  Nit: after the sheep gives Maurice a crew cut, his mop top mysteriously
     grows back.  (EOC)
  +  Martha Stewart is the insufferably perky dispenser of household hints
     that, in my jaundiced view, bear no relationship whatsoever to any type of
     reality.  Stewart was previously and accurately lampooned in episode 14.
  +  "Grow Free" is a parody of "Born Free", the Oscar winning song from the
     1966 movie of the same name.  "Born Free" involved the returning of a lion
     to his native habitat; you can see the parallel.  (JK, EOC)
  +  As Maurice disappears under the soil so only his hand remains above
     ground, he makes the "thumbs up" sign with it, which probably references
     Arnold's use of that same move during his final exit into the vat of
     molten iron in the final scene of Terminator 2.  (JLM)
  -  There did seem to be a semi-reference to "Pinky and the Brain...and Larry"
     twice with references to "Pinky...and Maurice" and at the end of the
     episode.  (EOC)
Episode: 36

"The Pinky Protocol" --
  +  In this episode, we get a healthy dose of the usual conspiracy theories;
     black helicopter, mind-reading (hence the tinfoil hats).  We also see some
     militia tricks (printing up checks, just like some groups print their own
     currency, and not recognizing the federal government).  There are also a
     number of reports alleged to have been suppressed by the government.  The
     title of one eludes me, but it's something like "Report from Stone
     Mountain," which is allegedly a blueprint for firmer government control.
  +  Celebrity watch, there many celebrity parodies in this episode, including:
     .  Ted Koppel of ABC's "Nightline" (one of many this season)
     .  Dan Rather - CBS anchorman (at the National Archives bit)
     .  Mary Hart of "Entertainment Tonight"
     .  Larry King - CNN talk show host 
     .  John McLaughlin and Eleanor Clift in a devastatingly accurate spoof of
        "The McLaughlin Group"
     .  Barbara Walters - co-host of newsmagazine "20/20" (seen here as "50/50")
     (EOC, BN)
  +  Gulliver Sloan is a parody of director Oliver Stone.  (EOC)
  +  The Watergate break-in in June of 1972 was actually designed to plant
     bugs in the offices of the Democratic National Committee, which had
     offices there at the time.  Another break-in, which is alluded to by 
     Brain, was in the office of Daniel Ellsburg's psychiatrist.  Ellsberg was
     one of the individuals connected with the leaking of the Pentagon Papers,
     a matter which infuriated Nixon.  (EOC)
  +  The Military-Industrial Complex was a reference made by President
     Eisenhower in a famous speech toward the end of his administration, about
     the dangerous set of common interests between the arms industry and the
     defense system.  (EOC)
  +  Joyce DeWitt played one of the characters on the notorious jigglefest
     sitcom "Three's Company" in the 1970s.  Don Knotts, as Barney Fife, can
     also be seen in one shot at the National Archives sequence.  (EOC)
  -  "Blah Blah Blah, Yakketty Schmakketty" is the catchphrase of Hugh, Taz's
     dad on WB's animated series "Tazmania".  (JK)
  +  The Orlando reference is to Walt Disney World.  There is an element of
     truth to this, in that the Walt Disney Company did gain unprecedented
     control over the area on which the theme park is located.  (EOC)
  -  Harold Foster Brain is probably named for John Foster Dulles (Secretary of
     State under Eisenhower, and brother of CIA director Alan Dulles)
     especially since Eisenhower himself was referenced a few times.  Charles
     Foster Kane, the character played by Orson Welles in Citizen Kane might
     well be a possibility.  (EOC)
  +  "The Day The Earth Moved Just A Smidge" == "The Day The Earth Stood
     Still", the classic 1951 science fiction film about an alien with a
     powerful robot who arrives on Earth to give a message to the world's
     leaders, but meets with suspicion and mistrust.  (ME)
  +  In Gulliver Sloan's movie, Pinky is played by Christopher Walken, and
     Brain is played by Anthony Hopkins, who played Richard Nixon in Oliver
     Stone's 1995 film "Nixon".  They are playing out the famous "Pray With Me"
     scene on the eve of Nixon's resignation.  (JJW, EOC)
  +  Gerald Ford really did have a number of problems hitting people with
     golf balls -- it was part and parcel of his general air of klutziness
     that dogged his presidency.  (EOC)
  -  A possible reference to pop musician Michael Jackson in the reference to
     the purchase of the Elephant Man skeleton, which he did indeed try to do.
  -  DYN - The license plate for Big Jake: IMA NUT  (EOC)
  -  Mr. Whipple, mentioned by Big Jake, is indeed not the Tidy Bowl man,
     he's the former spokesperson for Charmin toilet paper.  (EOC, JK)
  +  The McLoudness Group == The McLaughlin Group, a political discussion show
     featuring John McClaughlin.  The incredibly loud and monotonous voice in
     which he sets forth the issue of the day is absolutely dead-on.  (ME, JJW)
  +  The photographer who exposes the doctored photograph has a name based
     on Ansel Adams, the famed naturalist photographer.  (EOC)
Episode: 37

"Brain Storm" --
  +  The story is mostly a parody of the 1996 film about tornado chasers,
     "Twister," which was co-produced by WB.  "Air cow" and "air tractor"
     used in this episode are direct phrases from "Twister".  (EOC, JK)
  +  There were quite a few references to the 1939 film "The Wizard of Oz":
     .  A mention of flying monkeys in bellboy costumes
     .  The ending with the yellow brick road, the suit [read Tinman] and the
        scarecrow  [Note: No Cowardly Lion], the Emerald City
     .  Pinky quoting "If somewhere over the rainbow bluebirds can fly, why
        can't I?" from the Oscar winning song "Somewhere Over the Rainbow"
     .  The people seen running into the basement are Dorothy's family and farm
        workers from "The Wizard of Oz".
     .  Not to mention the fact that the show takes place largely in Kansas.
     (EOC, JK)
  +  "Kids WB Online" is the official online page of Kids WB.  (JK)
  +  The dish and the spoon refers to the nursery rhyme "Hey Diddle Diddle".
  +  The male and female twister chasers that comment on the suit are modeled
     after Bill Paxton and Helen Hunt, the stars of "Twister".  (JK)
  +  John Deere is the name of a manufacturer of tractors, except their
     tractors are green, not yellow.  (EOC, PN)
  -  Brain's comment is like Snoopy's comment about the Red Baron, from the C.
     Shultz comic strip "Peanuts".  (EOC)
  -  There might be a reference to the 1962 film "Requiem for a Heavyweight" in
     Brain's comment about "Requiem for a Scarecrow."  (EOC)
  +  The girls in the passing car, during the hitchhiking sequence, are Geena
     Davis and Susan Sarandon, stars of the 1991 film "Thelma and Louise".
     (JK, EOC)
  +  There's also a reference to Claudette Colbert's hitchhiking scene in the
     1934 film "It Happened One Night," when she stopped a car by showing some
     leg.  (EOC)
  +  One of the most famous Buster Keaton gags, from the 1928 film "Steamboat
     Bill, Jr." is parodied here.  Specifically when, in the midst of a
     tremendous windstorm, the facade of a building falls down, Keaton being
     saved because he happens to be standing where a window was.  (Which, BTW,
     was *not* trick photography, but an extremely dangerous stunt).  (EOC)
Episode: 38

"The Real Life" --
  +  "The Real Life", is based on "The Real World", a series on MTV that
     features the taped events of a selected group of young adults.  Each
     season, they choose a new group and a new city for them to live in.  (ME)
  +  The second act opener is a dead-on parody of the show's opening.  BTW,
     usually there is one foreigner in the group, hence Heidi.  And there is
     invariably one wanna-be musician too.  (BC)
  +  Brain acts a lot like a "Real World" cast member named Puck, a
     self-centered jerk who was eventually kicked out sometime during the
     season but made appearances from time to time afterwards.  (ME)
  +  The complaints at the beginning of the act 3 are almost word for word the
     complaints levied at Puck when they kicked him out.  (BC)
  +  One of the big gags associated with Rush Limbaugh is his girth.  (Hence
     the gags involving the destruction of records by sitting on them, and "My
     Other Car is a Forklift").  He actually did have a long career in radio in
     the 1970s, though mostly (as far as I know) in talk.  It was a decent
     vocal caricature of him, his face was mostly hidden, though you got a
     flash of it.  (EOC)
  +  Cleveland is in famous for one of the first radio station to broadcast
     rock 'n' roll (coined by Cleveland DJ Alan Freed) and also hosted one of
     the first rock dances.  It's usually called the birth place of rock 'n'
     roll for this reason and why the Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame is located in
     Cleveland.  (BC)
  +  "Dream Weaver" was performed by Gary Wright, and it rose to #2 in the fall
     of 1975.  (LLT)
  +  MTTV == MTV, the network that makes "The Real World".  (JK)
  +  Eisenhower == Kennedy, MTV's right wing VJ  (ME)
  +  Lollapalooza is a music festival/tour started in 1991 by Jane's Addiction
     leader Perry Ferrel.  It started out as a showcase for a wide range of
     "alternative" music acts (like Jane's, Ice-T and Ministry) but it soon got
     overcommercialized.  (BC)
  +  Syrup Lady == Mrs. Butterworth, a syrup brand where the bottle is shaped
     like a lady.  In the commercials, the bottle would come to life and
     talk.  (JK, BN, BC)
  +  The "W7" seen on Brain's record could stand for Warner Brothers-Seven
     Arts.  (EOC)
  +  "Herman's Head" was a Fox sitcom about a man whose life is determined by
     four people who live in his mind.  (JK)
  +  The "unplugged" comment refers to the series "MTV Unplugged".  The concept
     is that band perform in concert without any electrical instruments.  (JK)
  +  "Tut tut, looks like rain" is from "Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree".
     The line is said by Christopher Robin in order to help Pooh fool the bees
     into thinking that the bear's a "little black rain cloud".  (JK)
  +  "What's The Frequency, Brain" == "What's The Frequency, Kenneth?"
     reportedly what a mugger asked Dan Rather, later made into an R.E.M. song.
  -  I believe the reported 'mugger' was just sort of accosting Rather in a
     dreamy, drug-like state and said "Hey Kenneth, what's the frequency?"
     R.E.M. modified the phrase slightly, ostensibly for reasons of
     versification.  (SP)
Episode: 39

"Pinky and the Brianmaker" --
  +  For animation historians, the writer of this short may sound familiar.
     Norm McCabe, was a veteran of the old (pre-1963) Warner Bros. Animation
     studio.  He had been a top animator in Bob Clampett's unit, co-directed
     a few cartoons with him, and when Clampett took over Avery's unit in 1941,
     McCabe in turn took over Clampett's unit.  McCabe's career was short --
     he left to join the Army in 1943 -- and since his work was exclusively in
     black-and-white Looney Tunes, his cartoons have to a certain extent
     dropped through the cracks.  Alas, he seems to be largely remembered for
     the period pieces "The Ducktators" (1942) and "Tokio Jokio" (1943), in
     spite of the fact that he could produce good, timeless cartoons like
     "Daffy's Southern Exposure" (1942).  Beck and Friedwald have noted that
     his cartoons were strong on animation, but had a marked tendency to be
     weak on story.  (EOC)
  +  The story seems to spoof, in part, the revue "Riverdance," which features
     traditional Celtic dancing and music performed by a largish ensemble.
     (This should not be confused with "Lord of the Dance," a revue featuring
     an ex-Riverdance performer, which is more modern in scope.)  (EOC)
  +  The opening shot of Pinky gracefully playing with the balloon-globe is a
     parody of a scene from the Charlie Chaplin film "The Great Dictator,"
     where Hynkel (the Hitler spoof played by Chaplin) plays with a similar
     toy, which also goes pop.  (EOC)

"Calvin Brain" --
  +  Calvin Brain is a play on fashion designer Calvin Klein, with 
     "Subjugation" being a parody of Calvin Klein's "Obsession" fragrance.
     Brain's commercial seen in the beginning is a very good spoof of the
     Calvin Klein Obsession ads.  (BC, EOC, BN)
  +  Charlie Sheen is an actor who was caught up in the Heidi Fleiss callgirl
     scandal, hence Pinky's gag about beautiful women changing clothes.  (EOC)
  +  Fabrizio Ditzio is a caricature of this short's director, Russel Calabrese.
  -  During the two appearances by Fabrizio Ditzio, "Dance of the Sugar Plum
     Fairies" is used as the background music.  This appears to be a sly,
     politically incorrect dig at male fashion designers, which cannot be
     explained any further in a family cultural reference guide such as this.
     (ME, BN)
  +  Kate Moss is a supermodel known for her thin, waif look (hence the
     carrot stick gag).  (EOC)
  +  Elsa Kitsch is a caricature of CNN's Elsa Klench, who anchors a fashion
     show.  (Even the logo used was pretty good.)  (EOC)
  +  Among the magazines parodied are Cosmopolitan (Cosmouse), Harper's Bazaar
     (Harpies Bizarre), and Vogue (Vague) -- all magazines with a heavy
     emphasis on fashion coverage.  (EOC)
  +  Pinky's music video spoofs, Right Said Fred's "I'm Too Sexy" (1991).  (BC)
  +  "House of Fads" is a brutal (and accurate) parody of MTV's "House of
     Style" television program.  (EOC, BC)
  +  Many fashion designers have now moved into children's clothing.  Although
     none have used Baloney/Barney yet, to the best of my knowledge.  (EOC)
  +  Michael Jackson, and his abode/themepark Neverland Ranch are spoofed.

For a full introduction and explanation to the guide, see the top of this
guide.  This section includes the first 8 'A' episodes of the Pinky and the
Brain series which are rebroadcasts of material previously shown on Animaniacs.
For this reason, this guide is primarily reprints of the Cultural Reference
Guide for Animaniacs (CRGA) (C) 1993, 1994 by Will B. Bell and is reprinted
with his permission.  This is why this section may have a different look to it
than previous sections.

Of course, this section of the guide is always open to new references which
may be noticed, which is why I denoted reprinted information with a '*' 
preceding all reprinted lines.  (The first two shorts of episode 9A, for
example, are not included in the Will Bell's CRGA.)
*  0 == I have not confirmed it, but I believe it is right.
*  ? == I have not confirmed it, and am not sure.  Would like confirmation.

(Symbols from the CRGA, included here because they appear only in this section,
 for other symbols, see part one of this guide.)

Episode: 2A

"Spell Bound" --
* -  DYN:  One of the trees in the opening pan looks like Rita; One of the
*    towers of the castle looks like a milk bottle; Sign: Welcome to
*    Camelot -- Ask about our Round Table; Stylized 'W' (for Warner?) over
*    the main gate.  (Cor)
* ?  Merlin's incantation:  Sonny Tufts, Sonny Bono, Lorna Luft, Yoko Ono;
*    Paula Abdul, Chip 'n' Dale, Hillary Clinton, Quinton McHale.
*    .  Sonny Tufts:  Enjoyed a brief career as a leading man in many
*       1940's films. In the 50s, Tufts fought both legal and drinking
*       problems, and became a camp figure.  His very name became a joke and
*       the mere mention of it in a nightclub or on a TV talk show brought
*       down the house in gales of laughter.  (MMc)
*    .  Lorna Luft is a fair actress and singer, but not great at either.
*       She probably wouldn't be well known at all if she weren't Judy
*       Garland's daughter.  (MB)
*    .  Quinton McHale is from the TV show "McHale's Navy".
*    .  If you can't figure out the others then you need much more cultural
*       awareness than this CRGA can provide.
* +  Merlin's recipe for pie is:  Sift one pinch powdered spider nostril,
*    1 maggot's armpit, 1 smoked tapeworm.  Set aside.  Blend grumph from
*    a troll's belly button, 2 goat's hoof-jam.  Add powdered mixture.
*    Puree until creamy.  Add fruit to taste.   (Speeeew!)   (WBB)
* +  Table of contents page from Merlin's spellbook: Tabby Cat turned into
*    dog; Tabby Cat turned into duck; Tadpoles, magic uses of; Tahoe, how to
*    win at Blackjack; Take over the World spell; Vultures turned into
*    frogs; Wombat powder, uses of; Zebra gizzard soup.  (JC)
* +  Some of the stuff on Merlin's reagent shelf: Squid Brain; Powdered
*    Spider Legs; Eye of Newt; Bat Wings; Toad lips; Generic Bile; Ishtar
*    Box Office Receipts (empty, of course); Schmaltz; Sugar; Freeze-Dried
*    Flea Brains, Aqua Vitae (L., "Water of Life"), "Hampster" bits.  (JC, BD)
* +  Merlin's second incantation:  I win, you win, Edwin Newman, Lee of
*    Kathie, Regis Philbin.
*    .  Edwin Newman was an NBC news reporter.
*    .  Kathie Lee Gifford and Regis Philbin are the stars of the
*       insipid show "Regis & Kathie Lee".
* ?  The mice pass a unicorn surrounded by flying insects.  This must be
*    a reference to something.  Does anyone know?
  -  I believe it is a reference to the Tom Cruise, Mia Sara film "Legend"
     (1985).  Every time they showed the unicorns it that movie it seemed that
     the forest was infested with gnats and pollen.  (SD)
* +  The Warners have stolen a Dean Martin singing harp.  (WBB)
* -  Also, in the instructions for the Take Over the World spell in the
*    spell book, Gennifer Flowers is misspelled as Jennifer Flowers, despite
*    all the hype about her name starting with a G.  (BD)
Episode: 3A

"Win Big" --
* +  Infundibulator. Anyone remember Kurt Vonnegut Jr, and the
*    Chrono-synclastic Infundibulum?  See *The Sirens of Titan*. (DavE)
* +  One book had the author, "H. Pettibone" on it. He is listed
*    in the credits under Background Art (Hugh).  Also "T. Craig"
*    and "Boyer", also both in the credits. (NDR, AS)
* +  As P&B walk up the "Farmers Almanack" page, single-frames advertising
*    "Crazy Kexx's Cider-powered Rototiller" (or similar).  Kexx is a
*    model designer.  (NDR, AS)
* +  Isle of Yap info:  The Yap Islands are a volcanic archipelago in the
*    western Caroline Islands in the western Pacific.  Yap is the largest of
*    the 14 islands.  (MMc)
* +  In a Honeymooners episode, Ralph goes on a game show and has Ed help
*    quiz him as preparation.  His topic is music, and much to Ralph's
*    displeasure, Ed keeps playing "Swanee River" on the piano over and over.
*    Well, guess what song Ralph is given on TV for all the marbles?  (DO)
  -  DYN: The theoretical maximum that a player could walk away with from in
     one day on Jeopardy works out to $2,382,000, assuming everything was
     PERFECT conditions--the player answered every question, hit the Daily
     Doubles as the last questions in each round, and the Daily Doubles were
     all in the top row, and they went double-or-nothing on each double and
     the final question.  So, yes, it is possible that Brain could have won
     the $99,000 needed for the Infindibulator.  (RM)

"Bubba Bo Bob Brain" --
* +  Willie Ray Cyprus == Billy Ray Cyrus
* +  "Empty Hollow Head" == "Achy Breaky Heart", Cyrus's terribly annoying
*    hit song that swept the nation
* +  "Colonel Pinky" refers to a famous rock star manager, "Colonel" Tom
*    Parker, whose most famous client was Elvis.  (AL)
* +  Glenn Campbell sings a takeoff of "Wichita Lineman" (the electric line
*    repairman song).  (BM, JD)
* -  DYN: The call letters of the country station are K-HIX, i.e. hicks.
*    They are just visible on the wall behind the DJ.  (CMc)
* +  Garth Brooks and Crystal Gayle emcee the awards ceremony.
* +  Kenny Rogers sings a parody of "The Gambler".
* +  Dolly Parton is the guest on the TMN talk show.  The set looks exactly
*    like one on TNN ("Music City Tonight"?)  (RO)
* +  "Yee Haw" is a parody of that great corny show "Hee Haw".
* +  The Grand Ole Opry is considered the "big time" in country music,
*    so Brain had truly come close to succeeding in his plan.  (AL)
Episode: 4A

"Meet John Brain" --
* +  Larry Kling == CNN's Larry King
* +  Suzanne Slimmers and her Thighmonster parallel Suzanne Somers's
*    real-life endorsement of the Thighmaster.
* +  DYN:  Supporters wave signs reading Kansas, Texas, & Jupiter.  (RWA)
* +  Other media personalities: Wolf Blitzer & Barbara Walters.
* ?  'Admiral Pinky' is a reference to Ross Perot's running mate,
*    Whats-his-name Stockdale.
* +  Stockdale opened his segment of the VP debate with the rhetorical
*    questions, "Who am I?  What am I doing here?"  (TK)
* -  I don't know about you guys, but I swear that I saw Roz from
*    Night Court in this Pinky and the Brain episode.  She was two
*    places: outside the TV store watching the commercial and in
*    the convention hall.  (AB)
* -  When the tomato splatters behind Brain, it looks very much like one of
*    the ten Rorshach blots. (Yes, there are only ten, and they're always
*    in the same order).  (CS)

"The World Can Wait" --
* +  Pinky's girlfriend is Phar FigNewton (see "Jockey for Position" in
*    Animaniacs Show #27).  (WBB)
* +  Billie the mouse is based on the Billie Dawn character played by Judy
*    Holliday in the Broadway and original movie versions of Garson Kanin's
*    play "Born Yesterday". The name, the voice, the naivete of the
*    character...it's Judy to a T.  Also a 1958 movie.  (ML)
* +  The bit with the loved feeding lines to the unloved was first done
*    in Rostand's *Cyrano de Bergerac* and redone in the Steve Martin
*    vehicle *Roxanne*.  (WBB, RWA)

"The Helpinki Formula" --
* +  "The Helsinki Formula", developed at the "Helsinki Institute", was
*    one of the first products to be marketed via the infomercial.  (CW)
* -  Readers remember it touted as a hair-growing cream (despite disclaimers
*    at the bottom of the screen saying it didn't work) and as a skin-care
*    cream.  Perhaps it was both.  :)  (CW, RonD)
* -  For those foreign readers who may not know, an "infomercial" is the
*    common term for "program-length advertisements" -- 30-minute commercials
*    masquerading as TV shows.  They are often shown late at night on cable
*    channels.  The products are often useless and/or of dubious quality.
* -  The cartoon is a brilliant spoof of the infomercial world, complete
*    with insipid hosts, happily applauding 'audiences', and pointless
*    celebrity stars.  (WBB)
* +  Lyle Waggoner starred in the Carol Burnett show for some time.  He
*    also did an infomercial hawking a cure for male impotence!  (MMcD, WBB)
* +  Cher did an infomercial for hair-care products.
* ?  La Toya Jackson obviously did an infomercial for something, but I
*    don't know what.  I don't think it was for her Psychic Connection
*    thingy.
* -  Brain's comment about being "not only the president, but also a..."
*    refers to the Hair Club for Men commercials which close in the
*    same way (many).
* -  The rotating bottle flying into the audience is a dead ringer for the
*    one prominently featured in WATCHMEN issue #9 (a graphic novel by
*    Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons).  (DT, TEB)
Episode: 5A

"Battle for the Planet" --
* -  The title for this segment was written in all capitals over a starfield
*    and that the letters were tapered at the top?  This bore a STRIKING
*    resemblance to the Title Card used on the old "Battle of the Planets"
*    (usually better remembered as "G-Force") cartoon show produced by
*    Sandy Frank.  (Cor, KenS)
* -  BOTP was the Americanized version of the Japanese "Gatchaman" and had
*    a comic book as well, which used the same title style.  (PO)
* +  Brain's pirate broadcast interrupts the Duffs (from TTA) watching
*    Steve Urkel (from the insipid ABC show "Family Matters"). (ST, ErikS)
* +  When Brain credits Desi Arnaz with the three-camera system, he's
*    referring to the fact that "I Love Lucy" was the first TV show to use
*    three cameras and perform the entire show in order.  TV shows at the
*    time were setting up and filming each scene with a single camera,
*    the way most movies are made.  (MB)
* +  Brain's comment "Oh, the humanity", as Pinky destroys the "city"
*    is a reference to the coverage of the crash of the Hindenberg.
*    The news announcer became very emotional during the crash, and cried
*    out this famous line.  (DY + many)

"Jockey for Position" --
* -  "Publishers Smearing House" refers to Publishers Clearing House,
*    that great American institution responsible for making several
*    millionaires and for selling several million magazine subscriptions.
* +  Horse names:
*    .  Flamiel -- The Warner Writers favorite word
*    .  Isle of Yap -- a Gyp-parody category (from "Win Big")  (see Animaniacs
        Show #2)
*    .  Phar FigNewton -- a combo of a famous horse named Phar Lap,
*       Volkswagen's word "fahrvergnugen", and the fruit cookie "Fig Newton".
*    .  Leggo-my-Egoiste -- a combo of "Leggo my Eggo" (waffles) and
*       the "Egoiste" cologne that had the cool commercial.  (WBB, RWA, PN)
* -  In the Marx Brothers movie 'Horse Feathers' Harpos character is named
*    Pinky. He also has a horse-drawn truck. In his only scene with the
*    horse, Pinky fed it flowers and kissed it.  I think it's definitely
*    more than just a coincidence. Unfortunately they never mentioned the
*    horse's name.  (BB)
Episode: 6A

"Pavlov's Mice" --
* +  Pavlov wanted saliva to study (his Nobel prize was for digestive
*    system research) and wasn't really interested in conditioned response,
*    per se.  (ES)

"Where Rodents Dare" --
* 0  Where Eagles Dare.  A war movie about Allied forces invading (you
*    guessed it) a high-in-the-mountains castle (the Eagle's Nest) inhabited
*    by Nazis.  I might have my references slightly off here, but that's
*    the movie we're supposed to think of.  (RonD)
* +  THX-1138 is an old science fiction movie, by either Lucas (I think) or
*    Spielberg - it's one of the 1984 big brother type movies.  (RonD)
* +  THX-1138 was George Lucas' award-winning student film from his USC
*    days and was later remade as his first feature film.  (TK)
* +  The world leaders in the Brady-Bunch-like news graphic are:
*       Fidel Castro     Queen Elizabeth      George Bush
*       Nelson Mandela   Manuel Noriega       Yassir Arafat
*       Boris Yeltsin    Mihkail Gorbachev    Dan Quayle     (SM)
* +  The man frozen in the lab is a caricature of Brian Mitchell
*    (Storyboards.)  (AS)

"When Mice Ruled the Earth" --
* +  Machine comes from H. G. Wells's book *The Time Machine*.  (Treesong)
* -  The design of the machine itself, were swipes from the 1979 film
*    TIME AFTER TIME, with Malcolm McDowell and Mary Steenburgen. In the
*    movie, the vehicle also rotated as it began its journey through time.
*    Even the "tunnel" effect seen in WMRTE is similar to the depiction of
*    time travel in the earlier film.  (DT)
* -  They weren't just "similar" they were identical! Right down to the dish
*    antenna to collect solar energy and the little key hole in the side
*    (which was not used in the cartoon). "Time After Time" is one of my
*    favorite movies so I was having quite a time spotting all the FX
*    references used. Especially good was the coloring effect used when the
*    ship disappears, this was exactly the same (it looked hokey and cheap
*    in the movie but was quite impressive for a cartoon!)  (PC)
Episode: 7A

"Puppet Rulers" --
* +  Meany and Treacle were a send-up of the old Beany and Cecil puppet
*    show (later cartoon show) by Robert Clampett. BTW, I thought it was a
*    pity that the puppeteer didn't look like Clampett, or even Stan
*    Freberg (the voice of Cecil).  (BW)
* +  Cecil was a "sea-sick sea serpent", and Beanie was a little kid who
*    hung out with him.  Meany looked just like Cecil, not counting the
*    nasty expression, and Treacle parodied Beanie very well, including the
*    hat, the hair, the squinty expression, and the too-sweet personality.
*    Treacle, by the way, is a kind of molasses, so it certainly fits.  (DD)
* +  As for the bit with Einstein: Freberg's autobiography mentions an
*    anecdote about Einstein interrupting a meeting just so he could watch
*    Time for Beany.  (BW)
* +  All the kids in the audience resemble Ralph Phillips.  Ralph was
*    featured in Chuck Jones's famous cartoon "From A to Z-z-z-z".  (BW)
* -  Meany does _not_ look at all like Cecil the Seasick Sea Serpent, but
*    like the evil twin of Oliver Dragon from the "Kukla, Fran and Ollie"
*    puppet show.  (BM)
* -  Brain's says "You can call yourself 'Mary Pickford' for all I care."
*    and refers to the very well known star of silent film.  E.g. Rebecca of
*    Sunnybrook Farm (1917) and Pollyanna (1920).  She and husband Douglas
*    Fairbanks Sr. have been called "Hollywood's first royal couple." (BM)
  +  "Love, Luck, and Lollipops" was the sign-off for Sally Starr who had a
     really cheap local kids show in Philadelphia in the 1960's called
     appropriately enough, "The Sally Starr Show". Maybe in the 70's, too. If
     you're in your thirties and you grew up in the Philly area, you probably
     saw it.  (PH)
* +  A little Bill Clinton buys his ears at Bubba's.  (WBB)
* +  Little Bill looks up at the TV to see President Kennedy say "Ich bin
*    ein Noodle Noggin."  This is another reference to Kennedy's famous
*    gaffe  (see Animaniacs Show #21).
  +  The clerk who sells the young Clinton his Big Ears and Noodle Noggin toys
     is definitely a caricature of comedian Brett Butler, of "Grace Under Fire"
     fame.  Though she clearly could not have been an adult in the 1950's, I
     believe she does come from a background similar to Bill's.  (ALS)
* -  In a shot of the kids all wearing their BE&NN clothing and surrounded
*    by various BE&NN toys and such, there is a balloon (possibly a ball?)
*    with Noodle Noggin's picture on it that clearly says "BRAIN" on it, not
*    Noodle Noggin (or even The Iconoclast).  (JJacoby)
* -  When Pinky says that they missed the disco era, Brain gets angry for a
*    few seconds while they play a few measures of Mussorgsky's "Night on
*    Bald Mountain", which was released on the _Saturday_Night_Fever_
*    soundtrack (in a disco-fied version, of course) as "Night on Disco
*    Mountain".  (DM)  (Too close to be a coincidence IMO.  -WBB)
* +  P&TB interrupt "America's Funniest Furniture" to announce their
*    comeback.  (JJC)
* +  Marvin T. Martian is on the side of a building posing with a
*    basketball.  Obviously a reference to the Nike ads.  (ST)
* -  DYN:  When the Big Ears/Noodle Noggin fans show up to hand over the
*    therapy bills, each one is wearing a t-shirt with outlines of a heart,
*    a clover, and a lollipop ("Love, Luck, and Lollipops").  (DC)

"Brain meets Brawn" --
  -  Brain's plan to create infinite teatime was probably inspired by
     something in "Alice In Wonderland".  In that, the Mad Hatter explains
     that ever since he was accused of "murdering the time" in his singing,
     time has petulantly stopped at the hour of teatime, and so it's *always*
     teatime for the Hatter, the March Hare, and the Dormouse, which is why
     the table is always set for tea.  (JJW)
* 0  The character design for Jekyll & Hyde was borrowed from Looney Tunes.
*    First appeared in Friz Freleng's "Hyde and Hare", and also appeared a
*    few years later in "Hyde and Go Tweet".  (WBB, BW, many)
* -  1859 inscription on the pendulum must have some meaning.  Best guess:
*    The Great Hall at Westminster burned down and was rebuilt from
*    1840-1860.  Maybe that's when the clock was installed.  (MR)
* -  Useless fact: Big Ben is the name of the bell that chimes the hour,
*    *not* the name of the clock it's a part of.  (MF)
  -  NIT: At the end of the episode, Brain shrinks 4 times, but only grows
     3 times.  (JSh)
Episode: 8A

"Opportunity Knox" --
* +  The last name "Perkins" is the most common name in the Elizabethtown
*    Kentucky area, which is a mere 10 minutes drive from Fort Knox.  (RV)

"Cranial Crusader" --
* +  The Caped Opossum and Mr. Badnote had voices remarkably similar to
*    their counterparts on "Batman: the animated series"  (Batman and
*    Joker, voiced by Kevin Conroy and Mark Hamill).

"Yes, Always" --
* +  For those who don't (or can't) watch the credits, the caricatures are:
*    Tom Ruegger (Senior Producer), Peter Hastings (Story Editor and writer),
*    Andrea Romano (Voice Casting and Direction), and Harry Andronis
*    (sound engineer for Soundcastle/Postmodern recording studio).  (WBB)
* +  FWIW, most of the Pinky & The Brain cartoons have been written by
*    Hastings.  (WBB)
* +  Andrea says:  "I can't believe that guy, I Taft-Hartley'd him on
*    his first job!"  The Taft-Hartley act was a union-related piece of
*    legislation.  In the Hollywood sense, a producer can hire a non-union
*    actor for a union production if she then writes a letter to the union
*    explaining how crucial the actor was and requesting to let them join
*    the union.  Andrea had obviously done this for Brain and he wasn't
*    showing the proper gratitude for her starting his big-money
*    union-paycheck career.  (SS)
* +  The number "Animaniacs 406-859" that Pinky keeps referring to was
*    the actual production number for this short.
* -  Brain's dialogue is 99% word-for-word from a series of outtakes of
*    Orson Welles doing some really low-grade commercials.  Only words like
*    "sh*t" were changed to "cheese" for obvious reasons.  It's hilarious to
*    listen to, especially to hear Orson intone "show me a way to say that
*    and I'll go down on you."  Of course you're kind of missing half the joke
*    if you haven't heard the tape. (AS)
  -  A RealAudio file of the infamous out-take can be heard at Jay Philpott's
     collection at the Reel Radio archive at:
* -  And yes, the directors are really as stupid as Pinky's lines suggest
*    they are.  (AS)
* -  "Get yourself an impressionist" could refer to the fact that
*    Maurice LaMarche often does Jon Lovitz impressions when Jon is
*    unable to make it to the recording studio (to record his voice for
*    "The Critic" [new ABC cartoon]).  (KS)
* -  The length of this entry should indicate to you how... unique this
*    cartoon was for the average viewer.  :)
Episode: 9A

"Don't Tread On Us" --
  +  Where the title came from: One proposed official flag for the U.S.
     (before the "Stars and Stripes" design was chosen) was a coiled
     rattlesnake with the caption "Don't tread on me".  It, obviously, never
     became an official flag.  Ben Franklin used the image in an editorial
     cartoon either during or shortly after the revolution, depicting a
     snake cut into thirteen pieces, to show that cooperation was necessary.
     But that's another story.  (BEC)
  +  The Boston Tea Party was actually in 1773. Note the "East India Tea
     Company" on the side of the box. The British government allowing the
     company to sell directly to the colonists, instead of through colonial
     merchants, is part of the reason the Party happened.  (ME)
  +  The Boston Tea Party wasn't REALLY about tax.  The deal that Britain
     made with the East India Company meant that even with the tax, the tea
     was cheaper to buy than tea that had been smuggled into the colonies.
     The now-revered men who spearheaded the "Tea Party" were the ones who
     made lots of money out of tea smuggling, so it was in their best
     interest to ensure that this new inexpensive tea never made it to
     market.  It's not quite the glorious, honorable event as unresearched
     history books like to make it seem.  (RO)
  -  DYN: Classic WB character Elmer Fudd hunting "Wedcoats".  This is a
     reference to his normal catchphrase in the Bugs Bunny cartoons,  "Shh.
     I'm hunting Wabbits." "Redcoats" was a name given to the British
     soldiers by the American colonists in reference to the red uniforms the
     soldiers wore.  (Jackie)
  -  DYN: "The Flame" (from Animaniacs episode #21 and others) on the right as
     Jefferson writes the "Declaration of Independance".  (ME)
  +  The "Declaration of Independance" served notice to the world that the
     colonies and especially Britain intended to become an independent
     nation.  (ME)
  +  Pinky's response to AYPWIP? refers to "Yankee Doodle", the song made up
     by the British to ridicule the Americans but was instead used by the
     colonists to ridicule the British.  (ME)
  +  Detroit, Michigan is the home of Motown Records, best known for its
     influence on music in the 1960's.  (ME)
  +  Ben Franklin is seen talking with John Adams, who later became the
     second President of the United States.  Both were on the committee
     charged with drafting the Declaration.  (ME)
  +  The signing of the Declaration of Independence takes place at
     Independence Hall, Philadelphia, PA.  Jefferson rings the famous
     Liberty Bell after the signing, which can also be found in Philadelphia.
  +  Pinky and the Brain are in the bell tower when Jefferson rings the bell,
     which is shown with the very noticeable signature crack.  At the time
     the Declaration of Independence was signed (the Bell was rung to call
     citizens to the first public reading of it - 8 July 1776) the bell was
     *not* cracked!  The bell began to crack during the 1800's, it is
     believed to have first cracked while being rung at the funeral of
     Supreme Court chief justice John Marshall in 1835.  It was repaired (by
     making the crack larger, so the edges would not vibrate against each
     other), but was finally silenced after it was rung for George
     Washington's birthday in 1846.  (HB)
  +  Historical Clarification:  Contrary to popular belief, the Liberty Bell,
     which was used for the above purposes, BTW, was not created or
     commissioned for the American Revolution.  In fact, it was made long
     before all that junk happened.  So why is it the *Liberty* Bell?  It
     was crafted by an abolitionist who wanted a bell to ring every time a
     slave was freed.  Cynicism made him use not-so-durable materials (hence
     the crack).  As to why it was used for such patriotic events?  Well, it
     was the cheapest bell the Continental Congress could find.  They weren't
     exactly rich back then.  (There also wasn't any income tax for over a
     century.)  (JFL)
  +  Benjamin Franklin actually did fly that kite as an experiment to find
     out if lightning was an electrical discharge.  Although it was not in
     1776, it was in 1752.  Also, it was done under a LOT more controlled
     and scientific circumstances than you see in cartoons.  Franklin used
     another string that he kept dry to hold onto the wet string, and he
     stood in a stable, so that the lightning wouldn't zap him.  From his
     experiments, he invented the lightning rod.  (EG, ME)
  +  As for the final comment, French people are stereotyped in the U.S. as
     being rude.  (ME)

"Hercules Unwound" --
  +  The title "Hercules Unwound" refers to the less than spectacular film
     "Hercules Unchained" of 1960.  (BC, RN)
  -  DYN: The signs on the signpost point to Delphi, Olympus, Athens, Sparta,
     and Gyro.  All but the last are actual place names from the period.
     Gyro is a type of Greek sandwich.  (MB)
  -  DYN:  At the beginning, someone runs by in the background carrying a
     torch?  This is a reference to the Olympic Games, which originated in
     ancient Greece.  (MB)
  -  DYN: Also in that initial pan shot, there are grape vines in the
     foreground.  These are correct for the setting, and much beloved of
     Bacchus, god of wine.  (MB)
  +  The statues leading up to the one of Hercules are of Zeus, Hephaestus
     (god of the forge, and maker of Zeus' lightning bolts), and Artemis
     (goddess of the hunt).  (MB)
  +  The list of the twelve tasks that Hercules holds up is correct, but very
     brief.  Here's the list followed by a short description of what the actual
     task was (for more details, check your local library, under mythology):
        I) Lion            == Killing the Nemean lion
       II) Hydra           == Killing the Hydra
      III) Boar            == Capturing the Erymanthian boar
       IV) Stag            == Capturing the Stag of Artemis
        V) Birds           == Killing the man-eating Stymphalian birds
       VI) Clean Stables   == Cleaning the Augean stables
      VII) Bull            == Capturing the Cretan bull
     VIII) Horsies         == Capturing the horses of Diomedes
       IX) Girdle          == Capturing the girdle of Hippolyta
        X) Cattle          == Capturing the cattle of Geryon
       XI) Golden Apples   == Stealing the golden apples of the Hesperides
      XII) Cerberus        == Capturing Cerberus
  +  Hercules had to perform all those labors because he'd killed his wife
     and children in a fit of pique brought upon him by Hera.  Hera (who was
     Zeus' wife and the lady on the couch on Mount Olympus) was jealous of
     Hercules, because he was Zeus' son via an affair.   Zeus told Hercules
     that only his cousin, King Eurystheus could purify him of the crime.
     King Eurystheus (influenced by Hera) assigned Hercules twelve
     "impossible" tasks to perform as penances for his crime.  (MBl, BN, DS)
  -  NIT: Togas -- The Greeks didn't wear them, and that thing Hercules was
     wearing certainly wasn't a toga.  Proper togas are made of yards and
     yards of wool, and they don't stay on unless you stand with great
     dignity (the famous Roman gravitas), and hang on to key portions with
     one hand.  (MBl)
  +  The professor was meant to be Aristotle, who founded the Lyceum, the
     first university of Western Civilization; notice also that Aristotle
     paces back and forth a bit, which was supposedly a habit of his that
     led to his teaching method to be called "peripatetic".
     (i.e. "wandering").  (GD)
  -  NIT: Roman numerals -- Were not used by the Greeks.  The Greeks used the
     first few letters of their alphabet (plus the digamma, which disappeared
     from the alphabet at some point).  (MBl)
  -  DYN: That Pinky for a brief second imitates the famous pose of the
     discus-thrower.  Also, shots of Olympus are accompanied by Wagnerian
     strains (via "What's Opera, Doc?").  (DG)
  +  Pinky and the Brain were being chased by the three-headed dog Cerberus,
     who guarded the entrance to Hades.  (DS)
  -  DYN: There was a Trojan Horse in the stables which Hercules was using
     as a manure receptacle.  (ASL)
  +  Comedianne Joan Rivers appears as Medusa.  (BN)
  +  "Dishwashing liquid, you soak in it," refers to an ad slogan for Palmolive
     dishwashing liquid.  (BN)
  +  Medusa's joke about Mercury ("I just flew down from Olympus, and my feet
     are killing me!") refers to the fact that Mercury is often depicted as
     having wings on his ankles.  (MB)
  -  NIT: Names of gods and heroes -- The Roman names are used instead of the
     Greek names.  Mercury should have been Hermes.  Hercules should have
     been Heracles.  (MBl, SirM)
  -  NIT: When Perseus beheaded Medusa, the winged horse Pegasus sprang from
     the blood that spilled out of her severed parts.  So, Medusa and Pegasus
     in the same place doesn't work.  (raven)
  -  NIT: Oddly, Hercules did NOT turn to stone when he looked at Medusa -
     even close up.  It would have made for a shorter cartoon, but I was
     looking forward to seeing that.  (SK)
  -  BTW, since she was never referred to by name, we can't be sure that's
     Medusa.  Medusa was one of three Gorgons, but the only one who wasn't
     immortal.  (MB)
  +  The markings on the top of one of the buildings on Olympus are those of
     a helipad, or helicopter landing pad.  (MB)
  -  Did anyone else think Zeus looked like Orson Welles?  This would have
     ben funny in its own right, but given that the Brain was trying to take
     his place, it was particularly amusing.  (SP)
  +  "Come celebrate the moments" was a General Foods International Coffees
     advertisement.  (CL)
  +  A fragment of the Pastoral symphony plays after the stables are cleaned;
     this reference to the sequence in Disney's 1940 film "Fantasia" which
     has a Greek god theme.  (BC)
  -  NIT: Cleaning out the Augean Stables, was accomplished by Hercules by
     diverting a river through it (not by busting a dam).  (DS)
  +  Pinky speaks of Bactine after he and Brain get banged up.  This refers
     to a commonly used disinfectant which supposedly doesn't sting.  (SK)
  -  Oh, about all of the nits for this short: Stuff like "Hercules
     Unchained" was just as bad, so maybe this was more satire.  (MBl)

"In the Garden of Mindy" --
* +  Zoysia grass is a real thing; it was developed by the US Government
*    and the US Golf Association for use as golf course turf.  (WBB)
* -  Script errors:  telepathy cannot be used to move objects, that's
*    telekinesis.  (SK)


Brian Norman (BN)


Bryan Chaney (BC)
Eric O. Costello (EOC)
Mark Elbrecht (ME)
Joe Klemm (JK)
Jay Maynard (JM)
Richard Nathan (RN)
Ron "Keeper" O'Dell (RO)
Jaime Weinman (JJW)


Gary Akins Jr. (GA)
*Robert "The Mystic Mongoose" Armstrong (RWA)
*Allen B. (AB)
Fred Baker (FB)
Ray Barrington (RB)
*Will Bell (WBB)
Heather Bennett (HB)
*Bill Bereza (BB)
Mark Bernstein (MB)
Michael Blakeley (MBl)
Gordon Bressack (GJB)
*T. Erik Browne (TEB)
Russell Calabrese (RC)
*Paul Carnell (PC)
Sean Carolan (SC)
*Joshua Carpman (JC)
David Catmull (DCat)
Dennis T. Cheung (DTC)
Andrew J. Chinnici (AJC)
*Justin J. Clark (JJC)
Brian Eirik Coe (BEC)
*Dave Cole (DC)
Robert Dahlen (RD)
Joanna Davidovich (JDa)
*Ray Dawson (RayD)
*Dan Day (DD)
*Jack Decker (JD)
Jeff DeMarco (JeffD)
Scott Diedrick (SD)
*Ron Dippold (RonD)
*Brendan Dunn (BD)
Dafydd Neal Dyar (DND)
*Michael Farren (MF)
Rich Firestone (RF)
Robert Ghiorzi (RG)
Eric Gjovaag (EG)
Liz Goldberg (LG)
Heidi Goltz (HG)
James M. Grace (JMG)
David Green (DG)
Jeff Halbgewachs (JH)
Helen Marie Harnett (HMH)
Brian Harvey (BHar)
Peter Hastings (PH)
Mark Haye (MH)
Brett K. Heath (BKH)
*Brian Henderson (BH)
*James Jacoby (JJacoby)
Rick K. (RK)
*Gym Z. Quirk aka Taki Kogoma (TK)
Torsten Kracke (TorK)
Steve Kramer (SK)
Chris Lambert (CL)
John F. Lee (JFL)
*Allen Lee (AL)
Alison S. Leininger (ASL)
Kane Leung (KL)
*Mark Lewis (ML)
Lara B. Little (LBL)
Beth Long (BL)
Tom Mailloux (TMa)
Richard Manning (RM)
Michael Alan Marsh (MAM)
Robert K. Marvin (RKM)
Justin Lee Massengale (JLM)
*Doug McBride (DM)
*Mark McDermott (MMcD)
*Mitch McGowan (MMc)
Brett Middleton (BM)
*Steve Miller (SM)
Tom Minton (TM)
Amy Morrison (AM)
Daniel Alain Nazar (DN)
Paul Neubauer (PN)
Michael K. Neylon (MN)
W. Nitsche (WN)
Chris Norman (CN)
Joby O'Brien (JO)
*David Orozco (DO)
Elizabeth Penrose (EP)
Kelly Peoples (KPe)
Kevin Pezzano (KP)
Scott Purdy (SP)
Larissa Ranbom (LR)
Mario Regus (MaR)
Alter S. Reiss (ASR)
Robert J. Repas, Jr. (RJR)
Brian Reynolds (BR)
*Niles D. Ritter (NDR)
Jeff Roberts (JR)
*David Romm (DavE)
*Mike Russell (MR)
Amy L. Sacks (ALS)
Chris Saia (CSa)
*Ken Salper (KenS)
Steven F. Scharff (SFS)
Derek Schin (DS)
*Eric A. Schwartz (ES)
*Chris Sedlak (CS)
Jason Shifferd (JSh)
John Hamilton Slye (JS)
*Sally Smith (SS)
*Allen Smithee (AS)
*Erik Sojka (ErikS)
*Kevin L. Stamber (KS)
*Scott Tadman (ST)
*David Thiel (DT)
Barbara Thomas (BT)
Larry L. Torrance (LLT)
Pat Turner (PT)
*Randolph Vance (RV)
Aaron Varhola (AV)
Dustin Wallace (DW)
*Brandi Weed (BW)
Judi Wharton (JWh)
*Chad White (CW)
Jessica Wolfman (JWo)
Kevin Wood (KW)
Jonathan Woodward (JW)
Robert Young (RY)
Wayne Yuen (WY)
*Daniel Yungk (DY)
"Aryadne" (Ary)
"chance" (chance)
*"Corinthian" (Cor)
"Dave & Deanna" (D&D)
"Elisson1" (E1)
"Jackie" (Jackie)
"Peter Cat" (PCat)
"RayG" (RayG)
"Sir Mercator" (SirM)
"Skellington" (Skel)
"The Rizz" (Rizz)
"theraven" (raven)
"Treesong" (Treesong)

Michael K. Neylon for reviewing the final draft of this document and for his
comments and contributions.  Thanks to Kane "Narfcake" Leung and David Swift
for the great acronym for the guide.  Thanks to the mysterious figure(s) who
dropped a pile of old a.t.a. postings at my doorstep with references from the
first season, which allowed me to complete part 1 of the guide.  Also, a very
special thanks to Will B. Bell, for the permission the take appropriate
excerpts from the CRGA, and for his work as a founding father of a.t.a. and
most of the original fan documents.  Without his hard work and devotion,
documents such as this would probably not exist today.


The Pinky and the Brain characters and names are trademarks and (C) 1993, 1994
by Warner Bros., Inc.  This document is neither endorsed nor approved by Warner
Bros., Inc.

This document is a unique compilation of previously published material and
is (C) 1997 by Brian Norman.  This document is freely redistributable through
standard electronic methods (e-mail, ftp, USENET, WWW).  However, neither the
document nor any derivative works thereof may be:
   *  sold in any way;
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without express written permission of the editor, Brian Norman.

Lines denoted by '*' represent reprinted information from the Cultural
Reference Guide for Animaniacs (CRGA) (C) 1993, 1994 by Will B. Bell,
reprinted with permission.  Distribution rights to this material follows the
same rules as stated above.

This document represents the collective effort of many Pinky and the Brain
fans.  We appreciate your honoring of this policy.